Effects Of Lack Of Thyroid Hormone

Hyperthyroidism is the result of excess thyroid hormone production, causing an overactive metabolism and increased speed of all the body's processes.

Thyroid hormone generally controls the pace of all of the processes in the body. This pace is called your metabolism. If there is too much thyroid hormone, every function of the body tends to speed up. The thyroid gland regulates the body temperature by secreting two hormones that control how quickly the body burns calories and energy. If the thyroid produces too much hormone, the condition is called hyperthyroidism, but if too little is produced the result is hypothyroidism.

The first studies published in the modern literature on the effects of carnitine in hyperthyroidism came from post-war Germany in 1959, with the observation that carnitine had an impact on the hyper-functioning thyroid.

Three years later the same researchers reported on the use of carnitine in the treatment of hyperthyroidism; they subsequently demonstrated that carnitine affected the accumulation of iodine in thyroid tissue itself. In the 1970s, Japanese researchers found also that there was an increase in carnitine excretion in the urine of hyperthyroid patients.

Carnitine is an essential nutrient for transporting fuel (mostly fatty acids) into the cellular "furnaces" known as mitochondria. As muscle cells burn fatty acids in a wasteful response to increased thyroid activity, carnitine turnover is dramatically increased, using up cellular stores of carnitine while potentially contributing to the increased urinary losses at the same time.

The most recent discoveries regarding L- canitine are done by the Italian endocrinologist Dr. Salvatore Benvenga and his colleagues in 2004. He conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and their subjects were 50 women who would be taking thyroid hormones to treat benign thyroid nodules (thyroid hormone suppresses the pituitary hormone called thyroid-stimulating hormone, or TSH, which causes the nodules to grow).

In such patients, mild-to-moderate hyperthyroidism is frequently an undesired side effect, and the researchers chose to study this group of patients in order to capitalize on that effect, while potentially providing welcome relief from symptoms.

The results were nothing short of dramatic. Dr. Benvenga and colleagues summarized their findings from these studies in the following fashion: "Since hyperthyroidism impoverishes the tissue deposits of carnitine, there is a rationale for using L-carnitine at least in certain clinical settings... and since carnitine has no toxicity, teratogenicity [birth defects], contraindications, and interactions with drugs, carnitine can be of clinical use." To date, clinical trials have shown that doses of 2,000-4,000 mg/day of L-carnitine are helpful in individuals who suffer from hyperthyroidism. Future studies may uncover similar benefits of other carnitine formulations such as acetyl-L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine arginate, and propionyl-L-carnitine, along with the doses needed to match the efficacy provided by 2,000-4,000 mg L-carnitine.

Until scientists reveal the most effective dosages of each carnitine formulation, the following chart may provide preliminary guidance for individuals seeking relief from the effects of hyperthyroidism:

L-carnitine:2,000-4,000 mg/day

Acetyl-L-carnitine: 800-2,000 mg/day

Acetyl-L-carnitine arginate: 600-1,000 mg/day

Propionyl-L-carnitine: 600-2,000 mg/day

So when treating Hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid and Graves’ Disease in particular, do not overlook other alternative methods and treatments.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What happens if you stop taking thyroid medication?
    I am on a small dose of levothyroxine (25 micrograms) because I have a borderline underactive thyroid.

    What would happen if I stopped taking this medication? Would my thyroid problem worsen or would it stay the same?

    I have been taking this medication for about 6 months.

    I am not saying I am going to stop taking it, I'm just wondering. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      I have an underactive thyroid and was put on levothyrozine 25 micrograms for a number of years. My GP decided to stop this a I was only slightly under-active when it was checked again. Several years later - last year - I had heart problems and was told I needed to take levothyroxine again, as the lack of thyroid hormone was adding to my heart probems.
      I was not keen on taking it in the first place, because when you take it, apparently the thyroid becomes slack and slow in producing the hormone, but in the end I decided to continue it. Thyroid hormone has many effects on the body. I am not a medically qualified person, and I don't like taking tablets, but perhaps the link below might help you making up your mind or talk to your doctor with a bit more knowledge.

  2. QUESTION:
    What foods are good for someone who has a low thyroid count?
    I have a low thyroid count and am trying to lose some extra weight that was gained, and I didn't know if there was certain foods that you should eat for a low thyroid count?

    • ANSWER:
      If you have hypothyroidism, you need to see a doctor.

      If you do not have hypothyroidism, don't monkey with your hormone levels because there is no such thing as a free lunch and if you screw with your thyroid, you can mess it up and bring on hypo/hyperthyroidism.

      If you cook with table salt, you are getting sufficient iodine. If you are cooking only with kosher or sea salt, you need to go out and get some table salt and use it in your cooking when you don't need a specific texture, as with kosher salt on meats.

      "They" put iodine in table salt because before they did that, the common person would not get enough and it leads to health problems.

      Humans consume a rather predictable amount of salt each day and it was for the health benefit of all that his became mandated.

      You obviously don't understand the damage you can do to yourself if you fu*k with your thyroid. Please, don't do it.

      Below is information on iodine deficiency and you can google "Hypothyroidism" for more info on that.

      Raw Foods That Hurt Your Thyroid
      http://ezinearticles.com/?Raw-Foods-That-Hurt-Your-Thyroid&id=418151

      Hypothyroidism: University of Maryland
      http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/hypothyroidism-000093.htm

      Iodine Deficiency
      http://www.med.umich.edu/1libr/aha/umioddef.htm
      Iodine deficiency is caused by a lack of iodine, a chemical element essential to the body's physical and mental development, in a person's diet. It is the single most common cause of preventable mental retardation and brain damage in the world.

      Is iodine deficiency common in the United States?
      Iodine deficiency is now rare in the U.S. as a result of widespread distribution of foods from iodine sufficient areas. The incidence of iodine deficiency occurs in certain geographical areas at higher altitudes with iodine depleted soil - usually in areas away from the seacoast and in countries where salt is not fortified with iodine.

      Does iodine deficiency affect women more than men?
      Iodine deficiency is more prevalent in women than in men, and more common in pregnant women and adolescents.

      What is the role of iodine in the body?
      Iodine is an essential element for thyroid function, necessary for the normal growth, development and functioning of the brain and body. It also influences a variety of metabolic processes in the body (converting food to energy, regulating growth and fertility, and maintaining body temperature).

      What are the effects of iodine deficiency?
      When the body becomes iodine-deficient the consequences can affect a person both physically and mentally. After many months of iodine deficiency a person may develop a goiter (an unsightly swelling of the thyroid gland in front of the neck), hypothyroidism and reduced mental function. It also increases the risk of still birth and infant deaths.

      Iodine-deficient women may give birth to babies with severe mental and neurological impairment. If this deficiency occurs during infancy or childhood, it causes irreversible mental retardation, growth failure, speech and hearing defects, among others. Even mild deficiency may cause a low intellectual capacity.

      What is hypothyroidism?
      Hypothyroidism refers to any state in which thyroid hormone production is below normal. There are many disorders that result in hypothyroidism that may directly or indirectly involve the thyroid gland. Since the thyroid hormone affects growth, development and many cellular processes, inadequate thyroid hormone has widespread consequences for the body.

      What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?
      The symptoms of hypothyroidism are often subtle. They are not specific, which means they can mimic the symptoms of many other conditions. And patients with mild hypothyroidism often have no symptoms.

      Symptoms of hypothyroidism generally become more obvious as the condition worsens. Common symptoms include:
      Fatigue
      Depression
      Modest weight gain
      Cold intolerance
      Excessive sleepiness
      Dry, coarse hair
      Constipation
      Dry skin
      Muscle cramps
      Increased cholesterol levels
      Decreased concentration
      Vague aches and pains
      Swelling of the legs

      As the disease becomes more severe, there may be puffiness around the eyes, a slowing of the heart rate, a drop in body temperature and heart failure. In its most profound form, severe hypothyroidism may lead to a life-threatening coma. This condition requires hospitalization and immediate treatment with thyroid hormones given by injection. If left untreated, hypothyroidism can lead to an enlarged heart, worsening heart failure and an accumulation of fluid around the lungs.

      How is hypothyroidism diagnosed?
      If a patient is experiencing the symptoms listed above, a blood test can confirm a diagnosis of hypothyroidism.

      How is hypothyroidism treated?
      Hypothyroidism is generally treated with iodine and or/medication to support thyroid hormones. A person with hypothyroidism may require life-long supplementation and follow-up care. Consult your doctor about treatment options available.

      How is iodine deficiency treated?
      Once iodine deficiency is diagnosed, consult your doctor about treatment options. Commonly, iodine preparations are prescribed. In deciding to use iodine preparations, the risks of taking them must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will need to make.

      What foods contain iodine?
      In the United States, iodine is added to table salt so it is the primary food source of iodine. Iodine is also widely available in the following foods:
      Seafood
      Cod
      Sea bass
      Haddock
      Perch
      Kelp
      Dairy products
      Plants grown in soil rich in iodine

  3. QUESTION:
    How much does lack of sleep really affect your weightloss?
    What can be the affects of it?

    Beside the fact that it increases your appetitie, what else can lack of sleep do to weight loss?

    • ANSWER:
      Here's a pertinent article that I wrote a year or so ago; it's short and sweet!

      The Strong Connection Between Your Snooze Time
      and Your Waistline

      True Story: Many years ago in my college days, I went home for the holiday break. I didn’t really watch what I was eating, nor did I exercise. I still drank alcohol a few nights a week as well. After my 4 weeks of fun I was back at the university, and all of a sudden my 3 roommates are begging me to tell them how I lost weight. Lost weight?? I did?? To my surprise, I realized I did look slimmer than before and my clothes were a bit loose. I had no idea how that had happened. Then it hit me: the only real change I’d made (although unwittingly) was getting a full 8-9 hours of zzz’s a night at fairly constant times, when previously I most certainly had not been. (Let me put it this way; a nickname I had in college was “Vampire” because I had such a ridiculously erratic sleep schedule.) So as you may guess, I am now a firm believer in how important sleep is in regards to maintaining a healthy weight, as well as in regards to weight loss.
      A recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association confirms that inadequate sleep promotes overeating and weight gain. As more studies are being done, more information is gathered to support and explain this occurrence.

      Sleep deprivation often has a staggering effect on hormones related to appetite and satiety. Levels of leptin, a hormone that suppresses the appetite, are reduced, while the levels of ghrelin, the appetite-stimulant hormone, are elevated. Therefore, these two hormones can not accurately signal calorie need. A recent study done at the University of Chicago restricted a group’s sleep time for a couple days. Not only did their appetites increase substantially in proportion to the lack of sleep, but their desire for high-carbohydrate, high-density foods increased by a whopping 45%.

      Sleep loss appears to also have a significant effect on the hypothalamic pituitary system and the autonomic nervous system. These changes then affect glucose metabolism and insulin resistance, which are both often a definitive step in the direction of type II diabetes and obesity. Furthermore, cutting short your zzz’s alters your growth hormone secretion pattern, reduces your thyroid-stimulating hormone levels, increases evening cortisol levels, increases sympathetic activity, and decreases parasympathetic activity, all of which negatively affect proper glucose metabolism.

      If getting enough sleep isn’t nearly as easy as it sounds on paper, or if you think you may have a sleep disorder, make an appointment with your physician so that you can get on the right path to getting a great snooze.

  4. QUESTION:
    Would growth hormones be effective to grow taller for somebody who has hypothyroidism?
    I am a 21 year old who has been taking thyroid pills for about 3 1/2 years now (I have hypothyroidism). I haven't grown taller since I started taking the pills. I'm still 4'11".

    I heard recently that taking growth hormones would help people who have an under active thyroid to increase their height. At 21, do you think it would have any effect on me if I took those growth hormones - or do you think it's too late for me?

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately , at your age artificial or human growth hormone (hgh) that injected into your body will not be effective. What it is that can be effective at your age is Super-Growth .This product will regenerate your fused bones and boost your natural growth, without side-effects, besides It is during deep sleep that growth hormone does its job of thickening and lengthening your bones. So appropriate sleeping time (not the longer, the better) and correct sleeping posture is very important for your body to grow. Sleep is defined as a natural periodic state of rest for the mind and body, in which the eyes usually close and consciousness is completely or partially lost, so that there is a decrease in bodily movement and responsiveness to external stimuli.

      During deep sleep, growth hormone produced by your pituitary gland is released into your blood stream and travel through your body and causes the thickening and lengthening of your bones. Therefore, you should achieve "deep level" sleep on a daily basis in order to coordinate your affords of exercises and proper diet. The following are some helpful tips on how to easily achieve deep level sleep.

      Sleep in a comfortable and firm mattress.
      Sleep in a room that is dark, quiet and fresh smelling.
      Sleep with clean, soft, and comfortable clothes.
      Keep your hands and feet warm. Scientific studies have shown that warm hands and feet will help induce REM (rapid eye movement) deep sleep. Cold hands and feet will keep you from deep sleep.
      Drink a big glass of water before going to bed and when you wake up; this will help clean out your system.
      Practice total relaxation and deep breathing for a few minutes before you go to bed.
      Relax from head to toe. Close your eyes and relax every part of your body.
      Maintain a habit of sleeping at the same time everyday, including weekends.
      Sleep on your back with a flat pillow under your knees. This will align your spine properly and prevent any back aches caused by sleeping in a bent position.

      Undoubtedly, the quality, quantity, and type of food we eat affect our height, growth, and health. We cannot emphasize enough how important your food intake is in determining how much growth you can possibly obtain. The types of food you eat will either improve or decrease your growth potential.
      After careful consideration and research, the daily content of protein, carbohydrates, fats and water can be achieved if the following items were taken regularly. Please take note that this is a guideline and you are free to your own thoughts.

      Carrots Fish Liver
      Egg Yolk Beef Red Meat
      Milk Cheese Apples
      Green Vegetables Potatoes Nuts
      Yellow Vegetables Almonds Bananas
      Peanuts Chicken Beans
      Peas Salt 6-8 glasses of water per day

      If you eat a lot of peanut butter, your height will not necessarily stop. Neither does masturbation stop height.
      What might stop you from growing is smoking, drugs, alcohol, lack of sleep, stress, digestive problems, or lack of exercise.

      Height Growth Products : The first approved natural product for height increase is Super-Growth wwww.super-growth.info with this product it is possible to gain additional height growth even after puberty.

  5. QUESTION:
    What herbal or natural supplements may I take to help with my Hypoactive Thyroid?
    I've gained lots of weight, I'm usually lacking energy, and wanting to sleep. What can I take or eat that will help with all of this?

    • ANSWER:
      HOMŒOPATHIC TREATMENT(s) FOR HYPOTHYROIDISM :-

      Thyroid gland synthesize, store and secrete two hormones - Thyroxine and tri-iodo thyroxine; iodine is an essential constituent of these hormones. The decreased function of thyroid gland is called Hypothyroidism. The main symptoms are Oedema, weight gain and thickening of skin and mental derangements, it is more common in ladies during the age of 30 to 50 years.

      Hypothyroidism along with :-

      Lack of self confidence; absent minded; easily offended; loss of memmory; feels better after eating Anacardium Or 30 or 200, 6 hourly .

      Shy; childish behaviour; aversion to strangers; chilly patient Baryta Carb 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses in all)

      History of abortions; weight gain; oedema of extremities and face Pyrogenium 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses in all)

      In chronic cases; as an intercurrent remedy Tuberculinum Koch1M, once fortnightly (3 Doses in all)

      In unmarried persons; forced to celibacy; old bachelors and maids Conium Mac 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses in all)

      Melancholy, irritabilty and restlessness; desires sweets, cannot stand opposition Thyroidin 3X or 30, 4 hourly

      With restlessness; eats well yet emaciates Iodium 30, 4 hourly

      Fear of darkness and thunderstroms; delicate,anaemic patients, craves for cold and salt preparations Phosphorus 200, once weekly (3 Doses in all)

      For hot patients; sweats easily; worse in warm damp weather. Better from any motion, exercise and at sea Bromium 30, once weekly (6 Doses in all) .

      Take the remedy which is similar to your symptoms. No side effects or complications if taken as directed, please do not exceed the given dosage and under any circumstances do not try to mix any remedies and avoid Chocolates, Mints, Coffee, Red Meat, Alcoholic and Carbonated drinks, Spicy Rich Food while taking any Homeopathic remedies, and keep the medicines away from direct sunlight, heat strong smells and perfumes and do not store them in the fridge.
      Curing without any side effects or Complications Thats the Beauty of Homeopathic Medicine.
      Homeopathic remedies are available at most Health& herb stores all over USA and EU.

      Take Care and God Bless.

  6. QUESTION:
    Can a goiter grow back after being removed?
    I had one side of my thyroid surgically removed along with the goiter growing on that side. How likely is the other thyroid to develop a goiter now that it is working all by itself? How can I prevent a goiter from recurring?

    • ANSWER:
      The most common cause for goitre in the world is iodine deficiency (E01); this condition is commonly called endemic goitre. It is curable by mass food-supplementation with iodine (in the form of iodide or iodate), and today remains a problem only in the least affluent countries which lack economic resources to fortify foods with iodine as part of public health programs.

      You must identify how and why you got a Goitre

      A "diffuse goitre" is a goitre that has spread through all of the thyroid (and is contrasted with a "simple goitre", "single thyroid nodule" and "multinodular goitre").
      "Toxic goitre" refers to goitre with hyperthyroidism. These are derived from inflammation, neoplasm, and some kinds of activating autoimmune disease (Graves' disease).
      "Nontoxic goitre" (associated with normal or low thyroid levels) refers to all other types (such as that caused by lithium or certain other autoimmune diseases).

      Other causes are:

      Hashimoto's thyroiditis
      Graves-Basedow disease
      Juvenile goitre due to congenital hypothyroidism
      Neoplasm of the thyroid
      Thyroiditis (acute, chronic)
      Side-effects of pharmacological therapy

      Iodine is necessary for the synthesis of the thyroid hormones triiodothyronine and thyroxine (T3 and T4). In conditions producing endemic goitre, when iodine is not available, these hormones cannot be made. In response to low thyroid hormones, the pituitary gland releases thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). Thyroid stimulating hormone acts to increase synthesis of T3 and T4, but in excess it also causes the thyroid gland to grow in size as a type of compensation.

      Goitre is more common among women, but this includes the many types of goitre caused by autoimmune problems, and not only those caused by simple lack of iodine.

  7. QUESTION:
    What causes white hair at a premature age?
    Are there any diseases that cause white or gray hair at an early age, without many serious side effects?
    Actually, it needs to be hereditary. I mean, if there is one.

    • ANSWER:
      Heredity
      If your mother or father's hair turned white at an early age, you may be genetically programmed for premature graying. Your genes determine when production of melanin stops, and your DNA may destine you to platinum hair at an early age.

      Vitamin Deficiency
      Premature graying could be a sign of a vitamin deficiency, especially a lack of Vitamin B. If you eat a balanced diet and don't suffer from malnutrition, you may have pernicious anemia. In this form of anemia, your body is unable to absorb Vitamin B-12 from the bloodstream. Consult your doctor. If you test positive for pernicious anemia, you can have regular injections of B-12 to counteract the deficiency.

      Thyroid Disorder
      If your thyroid fails to produce enough thyroid hormone, you suffer from hypothyroidism. One side effect of hypothyroidism may be prematurely graying hair, according to the University of Michigan Health System. A blood test can diagnose hypothyroidism and you can take medication to make up for the hormone your body doesn't produce naturally.

      Smoking
      When Dr. J. G. Mosley studied patients in the Leigh Infirmary in Lancashire, England in 1996, he noticed a correlation between the patient's smoking history and the onset of graying hair or hair loss. Though Dr. Mosley could not prove that smoking caused gray hair, he did note that the smokers in his survey turned gray at an earlier age.

  8. QUESTION:
    my English is not good and I have an assignment , I do not know the stuff that I have wrote is?
    understandable or not? My teacher is really picky , please help me with the grammer.
    Would it be helpful at this point to administer either TSH or TSH-RH?

    No, it is not helpful. Based on the experiment, the lack of hormones T3 or T4 are not the reason of Necturus of not being able to metamorphose. Therefore, even if the thyroid gland produces T4 or T3, it is not going to have any effect on Necturus
    ‘s metamorphosis. Consequently, administering TSH or TSH-RH is not going to have any effect either since the major job of TSH is to increase the amount of T4 and T3 by stimulating Thyroid gland to produce these two hormones. Similarity, administering TSH-RH is not useful due to its major function of stimulating Pituitary gland to produce TSH.

    • ANSWER:
      No, it would not be helpful to administer either TSH or TSH-RH. The experiment proves that the lack of the hormone T3 or T4 is not the reason Necturus could not metamorphose. Therefore, even if the thyroid gland produces T3 or T4, it is not going to affect Necturus’s metamorphosis. Consequently, administering TSH or TSH-RH is not going to affect Necturus’s metamorphosis either, because TSH’s main job is to increase the amount of T3 and T4 by stimulating the thyroid gland to produce these two hormones. Similarity, administering TSH-RH is useless because its main function is to stimulate the pituitary gland to produce TSH.

  9. QUESTION:
    Can I still get pregnant like a normal person since I was born without a thyroid?
    I take synthroid 100mcg to replace my thyroid.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes you can can still get pregnant it does not directly effect your ability to do so nor does it directly effect your reproductive organs. That said it is a fairly powerful hormone replacement and your cretinism due to a lack of a thyroid, (really odd and rare malfunctioning sure but completely absent at birth is strange) may effect other aspects of a potential pregnancy I would suggest consulting with your endocrinologist before becoming pregnant and working close with both the endocrinologist and an experienced ob/gyn as you go through a potential pregnancy as they will have to carefully monitor your hormone intake levels for both your own health and that of a potential fetus..

  10. QUESTION:
    Could not taking Levothyroxin affect my pregnancy test?
    I have hypothyroidism and I have not been taking my levothyroxin like I should be. I have not had my period in about 4 months. I have taken two home pregnancy tests and they both came up not pregnant. Could my medicine or lack there of affected the results?

    • ANSWER:
      More than likely the lack of medication is the cause of no period. It wouldn't effect the test but it does play a big part in your period as your thyroid effects your hormones. Take your pill! I have hypothyroidism too and I know how important it is to take your medication. Even though you may not feel like you need it, you do.

  11. QUESTION:
    is drinking even organic milk cruel to cows?
    I am a vegetarian and the only animal product i consume daily is milk, yogurt.

    1. Since regular milk is obtained by separating calves from cows after birth, if i get organic milk(no hormones, antibiotics, free grazing) would it mean animals are treated humanely?

    2. Should i become a vegan to prevent cruelty to animals. What items might a vegetarian like me need to abandon for that other than milk, honey(which i don't eat anyway), desserts?

    • ANSWER:
      Generally speaking, "organic" milk has nothing to do with the management of the livestock. Here's a link to an organization that promotes humanely produced foods. Look up your state and see if there's a farm/dairy near you: http://www.eatwild.com/products/

      You should become a vegan if you feel it's best for you. BUT you may be endangering your own health. You should, first, look out for the most important animal in your life: you.

      Humans evolved as omnivores. We get some nutrients from animal foods (meat, eggs, dairy) than from plants.

      Protein is made up of about 20 different amino acids. Your body makes some of them; the rest must come from your diet. Animal foods (meat, eggs, dairy) contain all the amino acids your body needs to make complete protein; most veggies don't.

      Iron in animal products is heme iron and much easier for your body to absorb and use than the non heme iron in plants. Research shows that vegans have lower iron stores than vegetarians and vegetarians have lower stores than meat eaters. Lack of iron is called anemia. Look it up.

      Vitamin B12 is not found in any plant source. If you give up eating all animal products, you'll need to take pills, get shots or eat manufactured B12 that's been added to highly processed foods.

      Zinc, omega3s, calcium are some other important nutrients that you can be missing in a vegan diet. In fact, here's the link to VEGAN registered dietitian's recommendations about nutrients to watch out for if you chose the vegan diet: http://www.veganhealth.org/articles/dailyrecs

      Lastly, don't build your diet on soy: soy burgers, soy hot dogs, soy milk, soy protein bars, soy protein drinks, tofu. Soy contains estrogen like chemicals that can mess with a woman's fertility, cause low sperm count in men and has also been tied to thyroid disease. This guy grew man boobs and developed serious sexual/emotional problems when he drank a lot of soy milk: http://www.menshealth.com/nutrition/soys-negative-effects

  12. QUESTION:
    what causes anti depressant medications to have sexual side effects?
    What can be done to change this, besides stopping the meds?

    • ANSWER:
      Your sex hormones are called steroid hormones and they are made in the liver. When you mess with your endocrine that is a system of complex relationships, you affect every organ in that system, including your adrenal glands, liver, pancreas, thyroid, etc. The same thing happens when you take birth control pills. ALL medications affect your liver. Anti depressant drugs work, in many cases, to alter the way your hypothalamus interacts with your brain. This gland is responsible for "feed back loops" in is called the "master gland" because it makes decisions to increase, decrease thyroid hormones, for example.

      When your body is in a state of "stress," and this can be from just eating too many carbs or sugars, this causes the precursor hormone, pregnenalone, to be used up by the adrenal glands to produce cortisol, the stress hormone, causing your liver to stop producing the your STEROID HORMONES that includes your sex hormones. This is the body's natural mechanism. When you are in a state of "fight or flight" or "stress," your body puts all it's resources into a protection mode and guess what gets left out --- the sex hormones and the "pregnenalone steal" as it's called goes to making those stress hormones instead.

      No one I've ever seen or heard of is deficient in drugs. Most depression is a warning signal that one or more things are wrong and to take drugs for this is ludicrous. It is so typical of medical people to treat a symptom rather than the root cause. To treat the depression by giving you a drug is to ignore the root cause and they you become dependent upon that drug, while your body is degenerating due to deficiencies that can be both mental and physical. You first, need to free yourself from the lies you believe that doctors know everything and that so called modern medicine has all the answers. That is simply not true and in fact, many doctor induced illnesses are happening everyday. 106,000 people died last year from legally prescribed drugs given to patients by doctors in hospitals for the ailments they were suffering from. We only lost 1,000 soldiers in Iraq last year and look how we mourned after those losses (and rightfully so) and only 10,000 to 20,000 people died from taking illegal drugs on the street. Does that sound to you like these people know what they are doing and we should just blindly trust them? They are not about health. They are profit motivated.

      Feelings of depression can be typically linked to mineral deficiencies due to bad digestion from low stomach acid; brain infection (typically due to parasites in the liver and/or intestines), weak adrenal glands, vitamin B deficiencies (typically due to taking antibiotics and poor diet), toxic liver, heavy metal toxicity (a huge number of this from bad dental work that is so common in America today). Drugs can interfere with brain function and cause depression.

      Feelings of depression after a traumatic event is normal and requires a period of adjustment (6 weeks or more).

      Doctors treat symptoms, not root causes. I suggest you see a certified nutritional therapist that can test you for deficiencies and take the guess work out of what your body is lacking. They can suggest nutritional supplements and a diet that will put you back on the road to health.

      good luck

  13. QUESTION:
    what are the effects of a low calcium blood level?
    say someone had a thyroid problem. how would this effect his blood calcium homostasis as well as his bones? and how would you explain normal regulation of blood calcium?

    • ANSWER:
      In medicine, hypocalcaemia is the presence of low serum calcium levels in the blood, usually taken as less than 2.1 mmol/L or 9 mg/dl or an ionized calcium level of less than 1.1 mmol/L (4.5 mg/dL). It is a type of electrolyte disturbance. In the blood, about half of all calcium is bound to proteins such as serum albumin, but it is the unbound, or ionized, calcium that the body regulates. If a person has abnormal levels of blood proteins, then the plasma calcium may be inaccurate. The ionized calcium level is considered more clinically accurate in this case

      [edit] Cause
      It manifests as a symptom of a parathyroid hormone deficiency/malfunction, a Vitamin D deficiency, or unusually high magnesium levels hypermagnesemia, or low magnesium levels hypomagnesemia.

      More specifically, hypocalcemia may be associated with low PTH levels as seen in hereditary hypoparathyroidism, acquired hypoparathyroidism (surgical removal MCC of hypoparathyroidism), and hypomagnesemia. Hypocalcemia may be associated with high PTH levels when the parathyroid hormone is ineffective; in chronic renal failure, the hydroxylation of vitamin D is ineffective, calcium levels in the blood fall, and high PTH levels are produced in response to the low calcium, but fail to return calcium levels to normal.

      Eating disorders
      Excessive dietary magnesium, as with supplementation.
      Prolonged use of medications/laxatives containing magnesium
      Absent parathyroid hormone (PTH)
      Hereditary hypoparathyroidism
      Acquired hypoparathyroidism
      Hypomagnesemia
      Following parathyroidectomy, "Hungry Bone Syndrome"
      Following thyroidectomy, the parathyroid glands are located very close to the thyroid and are easily injured or even accidentally removed during thyroidectomy
      In DiGeorge Syndrome, a disease characterized by the failure of the third and fourth pharyngeal pouches to develop, the parathyroid glands do not form and there is thus a lack of PTH.
      Ineffective PTH
      Chronic renal failure
      Absent active vitamin D
      Decreased dietary intake
      Decreased sun exposure
      Defective Vitamin D metabolism
      Anticonvulsant therapy
      Vitamin-D dependent rickets, type I
      Ineffective active vitamin D
      Intestinal malabsorption
      Vitamin-D dependent rickets, type II
      Pseudohypoparathyroidism
      Deficient PTH
      Severe acute hyperphosphatemia
      Tumor lysis syndrome
      Acute renal failure
      Rhabdomyolysis (initial stage)
      Osteitis fibrosa following parathyroidectomy
      Exposure to hydrofluoric acid
      As a complication of pancreatitis
      As a result of hyperventilation
      Alkalosis, often caused by hyperventilation
      Chelation Therapy
      Neonatal hypocalcemia
      Very low birth weight (less than 1500 grams)
      Gestational age less than 32 weeks

      [edit] Symptoms
      Perioral tingling and parasthesia, 'pins and needles' sensation over the extremities of hands and feet. This is the earliest symptom of hypocalcemia.
      Tetany, carpopedal spasm are seen.
      Latent tetany
      Trousseau sign of latent tetany (eliciting carpal spasm by inflating the blood pressure cuff and maintaining the cuff pressure above systolic)
      Chvostek's sign (tapping of the inferior portion of the zygoma will produce facial spasms)
      Tendon reflexes are hyperactive
      Life threatening complications
      Laryngospasm
      Cardiac arrhythmias
      EKG changes
      Prolonged QTc
      Prolonged ST interval

      [edit] Management
      Two ampoules of intravenous calcium gluconate 10% is given slowly in a period of 10 minutes, or if the hypocalcemia is severe, calcium chloride is given instead.
      Maintenance doses of both calcium and vitamin-D (often as 1,25-(OH)2-D3, i.e. calcitriol) are often necessary to prevent further decline.

  14. QUESTION:
    What are examples of biological and biochemical causes of a lack of motivation?

    • ANSWER:
      biologicals, could be microbes - if you have infection you generally dont feel great, so no motivation

      biochemical, one i could think of is thyroid hormones, if you lack these hormones, your metabolism is slowed, reaction time is slowed down, hence would also lead to lack of motivation.. caffeine has the opposite effect in most people, it perks them up.. endorphins too.

  15. QUESTION:
    do you have to go to an endocrinologist for postpartum hyperthyroidism?
    i am looking for natural cures or treatments for postpartum hyperthyroidism...i dont go to doctors often, nor to i get on a medication without trying natural remedies first! thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Homeopathic Treatments for Thyroid Disorders, (Thyrotoxicosis:- The state produced by excessive quantities of endogenous or exogenous thyroid hormone, and for, Hypothyroidism :- Thyroid gland synthesize, store and secrete two hormones - Thyroxine and tri-iodo thyroxine; iodine is an essential constituent of these hormones. The decreased function of thyroid gland is called Hypothyroidism. The main symptoms are Oedema, weight gain and thickening of skin and mental derangements, it is more common in ladies during the age of 30 to 50 years.

      Thyrotoxicosis :-

      Though eats well but losses weight Iodium 30X or 200, 4 hourly

      Eats well but losses weight; worse after a shock or grief Natrum Mur 30X or 200, 4 hourly

      Intercurrent remedy Thyroidinum 200 or 1M, 4 hourly.
      ______________________________...

      Hypothyroidism :-

      Lack of self confidence; absent minded; easily offended; loss of memmory; feels better after eating Anacardium Or 30 or 200, 6 hourly

      Shy; childish behaviour; aversion to strangers; chilly patient Baryta Carb 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses)

      History of abortions; weight gain; oedema of extremities and face Pyrogenium 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses)

      In chronic cases; as an intercurrent remedy Tuberculinum Koch 1M, once fortnightly (3 Doses)

      In unmarried persons; forced to celibacy; old bachelors and maids Conium Mac 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses)

      Melancholy, irritabilty and restlessness; desires sweets, cannot stand opposition Thyroidin 3X or 30, 4 hourly

      With restlessness; eats well yet emaciates Iodium 30, 4 hourly

      Fear of darkness and thunderstroms; delicate, anaemic patients, craves for cold and salt preparations Phosphorus 200, once weekly (3 Doses) .

      For hot patients; sweats easily; worse in warm damp weather. Better from any motion, exercise and at sea Bromium 30, once weekly (6 Doses).

      Take the remedy which is similar to your symptoms. No side effects or complications if taken as directed, please do not exceed the given dosage and under any circumstances do not try to mix any remedies and avoid Chocolates, Mints, Coffee, Red Meat, Alcoholic and Carbonated drinks, Spicy Rich Food while taking any Homeopathic remedies, and keep the medicines away from direct sunlight, heat strong smells and perfumes and do not store them in the fridge.

      Curing without any side effects or Complications Thats the Beauty of Homeopathic Medicine.

      Take Care and God Bless You !

  16. QUESTION:
    What kind of specialist or doctor would you see for a food addiction?
    i'm very curious so any information would be greatly appreciated.

    only serious answers please.
    i dont think you understand a food addiction. the addiction is not eating when you're hungry it's eating when you're NOT hungry. eating when you're hungry is obviously normal and healthy. eating when you're NOT hungry is unhealthy. it's an eating dissorder, but most people aren't aware of it. people feel sorry for those who suffer from bulemia or anorexia, yet are disgusted by people who have food addiction, yet they're all one in the same. what gives?

    • ANSWER:
      Food Addiction is a many varied thing, so a simple answer won't work for everyone.

      First you need to know the cause of your food addiction. Some people are addicted to certain foods, due to a hidden food allergy or the lack of a certain nutrient in the body. Others have a biological chemical imbalance, or physical condition which causes them to crave foods.

      These should be checked out with a doctor. Thyroid, Hormone balances, diabetes tests should be run to rule these out as causes. If you have any symptoms of allergies or have a family history of allergies, food allergy tests would be highly recommended. Food Allergy Addiction while relatively rare, does happen and can cause some really major health problems if left untreated. A Celiac or gluten panel would also be recommended, as overeating can be a side effect of this condition.

      Once physical problems are ruled out, you'll want to seek out a mental health professional who has experience with eating disorders.

  17. QUESTION:
    What toxins frequently build up in the human body?
    There are many people who practice various detox programs everything from sweating in a Sauna to fasting to herbal teas. I believe that toxins do build up in the human body, but I've always wondered exactly which toxins they are. What are the specific toxins that build up in the human body and where do they frequently come from?

    .

    • ANSWER:
      Most of the worrying toxins seem to come from chemicals that we have produced ourselves (listed below). Those of most concern are those that have an affinity for fats (rather than water) and therefore accumulate in fat deposits in the food chain, rather than being expelled. And the concentrations increase the higher up the food chain you go, often making human beings with the highest concentrations. Studies in the Arctic show humans and animals with very high concentrations of industrial chemicals.

      In addition to chemical toxins, there are huge numbers of naturally occurring toxins, which is why we have a liver and kidneys to process and expel toxins from our body.

      The argument always seems to be that we have the ability to eliminate toxins, therefore we cannot accumulate toxins. However, this assumes that the body's systems are functioning effectively, AND that these systems can cope with the load. The classic example to contradict this assumption is a hangover, whereby the body has been overloaded to a point where the liver and kidneys cannot process the toxins quickly enough. In the normal course of time, these organs catch up, provided you do not continue to overload the system.

      Where we have problems is in:
      1. the quantity of toxins with which the body must now cope; and
      2. the efficiency of our elimination systems.

      Firstly, our environment does contain far more chemicals than ever before, despite the eradication of some horrendous products over time. It is a product of the number of chemicals used and the number of people using them.

      Secondly, our systems are often either run-down from the load, and/or our diets are sorely lacking such that our systems are unable to operate at optimum levels.

      I don't know much about a lot of the fad detox programs. I am sure that many things can help the body better process toxins, but I doubt a single drink (for example) is capable of performing major changes. However, changing your diet and living habits can reduce the load of toxins (giving your system a chance to catch up) and provide your body with the nutrients it needs to allow the system to work optimally.

      The original detox programs were designed for the above. They are simply very healthy diets and lifestyle changes that ensure the specific nutrients needed by the kidneys and liver are included.

      As for the list of toxins, they are listed below (further info in the links). I do not have any info on which of these might be fat soluble.

      - Mercury (Harms brain development and function) Accumulates in seafood.
      - Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (Linked to cancer) Accumulates in food chain.
      - Polybrominated dibenzodioxins and furans (PBDD/F) (Toxic to developing endocrine, i.e. hormone system) Accumulate in food chain.
      - Perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) (Linked to cancer, birth defects, and more) Accumulate in the environement and the food chain.
      - Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and furans (PBCD/F) (Cause cancer in humans. Very toxic to developing endocrine, i.e. hormone system) Persist for decades in the environment.
      - Organochlorine pesticides (OCs) (Cause cancer and numerous reproductive effects) Persist for decades in the environment. Accumulate up the food chain to main.
      - Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) (Adversely affects brain development and the thyroid) Accumulates in the food chain and human tissues.
      - Alkylphenol compounds – (Mimic natural estrogen hormones and have been shown to alter the sexual development in some organisms, for example in fish.
      - Polychlorinated Naphthalenese (PCNs) (Cause liver and kidney damage) Contaminate the food chain.
      - Polychlorinated buphenyls (PCBs) (Cause cancer and nervous system problems) Persist for decades in the environment. Accumulate up the food chain, to main.
      - Triclosan (Affect liver enzymes in rat studies; poses multidrug resistance to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a cause of death in many hospital-acquired infections due to its intrinsic resistance to many antibiotics)
      - Artificial Musks (Disrupts hormones. One type, musk xylene, causes cancer at high concentrations, in animal studies) Due to their persistence and extensive use artificial musk have become widely distributed throughout the environment.
      - Perfluorinated compounds (Cause a wide range of toxic effects on the liver of exposed laboratory rats)
      - Phthalates (Some phthalates are reproductive toxicants and particularly affect the testes) Phthalates have become one of the most ubiquitous chemicals in the global environment.
      - DDT (The main DDT component is classified as possibly carcinogenic to humans. Reproductive disorders are well documented in animal studies, and exposure is also linked to human developmental disorders) Although their manufacture and application are now largely prohibited or restricted in industrialized western countries, they can still be found in the environment, in wildlife and in humans due to their persistence.

  18. QUESTION:
    How long after pains does your period start?
    My period isn't regular (well, it's kinda anywhere from 3-5 weeks each time)
    It has now been 3 weeks, and i have started getting very mild period pains. How long on average does your period start after getting mild pains? Only i desperately need it to wait until sunday as i kinda have 'plans' saturday! :L

    • ANSWER:
      Cramping But No Period: Why

      Cramping during menstruation period is quite normal. Contraction of uterine muscles discharge the uterine lining from the body. Muscular cramping causes abdominal cramps. The pain is quite normal and is a healthy sign of normal cycles. The two hormones, estrogen and progesterone start playing a key role. Once the menstrual cycle is over, your body starts preparing itself once again for ovulation. Thus, mild cramping during ovulation is a genuine symptom, unless it becomes severe.

      The most common reason behind cramping without period is delayed menstrual cycle. It normally happens if you are experiencing stress (physical and mental) or getting exposed to environmental changes. Your food habits and lifestyle also play an important role in controlling the activity of hormones. Delayed periods is one of the effects of disturbance in ovulation process and cramping takes place more often. It might also result from endometriosis or uterine fibroids. Both the conditions are extremely painful, marked by severe cramping.

      Period like symptoms or menstrual cramping without periods is also included under premenstrual syndrome. It's very irritating to experience the cramps without occurrence of periods. Other symptoms associated with PMS are nausea, dizziness, morning sickness, mood swings, lack of sexual activity, loss of appetite, etc. The cramps actually indicate that your periods are about to start within a day or two. However, when you get persistent cramps but no period, then some other factors might also be associated with it.

      Cramping like symptoms without periods is an early sign of pregnancy. Such conditions are often confused with periods. Cramping in early pregnancy occurs because the uterine muscles expands to implant the embryo. Expansion of muscles causes much pain around the abdominal region and this is once again normal. But what would be the reason if you get a negative pregnancy test and simultaneously experience cramping without periods? Negative pregnancy test, cramping and no periods if occur at the same time, then you need an immediate medical check up. Severe cramping could be due to internal complications. The most common being Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) or ovarian cyst. PCOS occurs due to rise in androgen levels. It leads to formation of multiple cysts in the ovary. PCOS if not diagnosed at early stages causes infertility. If you observe irregular periods and experience severe cramping, then get yourself diagnosed properly to rule out any underlying condition. Disturbances in periods also arise if you are suffering from thyroid gland disorders and indigestion problems.

      You can definitely wait a week or so if your periods are getting delayed but make sure you go for a medical check up if the condition prevails and your periods are missed. You should never neglect any internal health complications to avoid aggravation of the symptoms.

  19. QUESTION:
    What is the usual protocol for late puberty in boys?
    Just curious, as a friend's son has this problem, and she wants to know what to expect.

    • ANSWER:
      To Diagnose:
      Late puberty is defined as the lack of pubertal development at two standard deviations above the mean age for the general population of the geographical area. In practical terms, this is a chronological age of 14 years for males (testicular volume <4 ml) . The goal of the assessment is to determine whether the delay or lack of development is due to a lag in normal pubertal maturation or represents an abnormality that must be investigated. Etiologies of pubertal delay and pubertal failure include: a) Constitutional delay of puberty (healthy patients with a clinical history of delayed growth and development; b) Hypogonadotropic states (congenital abnormalities, tumours, endocrinopathies); c) Hypergonadotropic states (chromosomal alterations, syndromes, genetic disorders, radiotherapy/chemotherapy); d) Secondary to chronic illness (organic abnormalities, oncological diseases, malnutrition, eating disorders and endocrinopathies). Diagnostic evaluation must include: a detailed physical examination, including auxological parameters (height and bone maturation), personal and familial antecedents, measurements of general hematological and biochemical parameters, gonadotropins, prolactin, thyroid hormones, sex steroids, growth hormone and growth factors. When necessary, an MRI must be performed. A karyotype is indicated in girls with delayed puberty and short stature and in boys who have small testes and hypergonadotropism.

      To treat? Usually with hormones. Treatment and side effects vary for each patient. He will be followed closely by his doctor.
      Does your friend's son have klienfelter's syndrome by any chance?

  20. QUESTION:
    What causes one to have a period 10 days apart?
    I had my normal period and 10 days later was bleeding again, with massive cramps, nausea, fatigue and heavier flow. I went to E.R just to be told it was hormonal. It has me worried and frustrated when I think I'm done I am bleeding again. Any thoughts anyone? Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Is It Normal?

      What doctors usually mean by irregular periods are missed periods (when you miss out a period one month) or when the girl or woman has two periods within a gap of two weeks or spotting between periods. Is it normal to have two periods in one month? Well, sometimes this is not a cause of worry, but it could be a cause of worry if one woman is bleeding post menopausal or if that girl is younger than 12 years old. Then, in that case you have to visit the gynecologist. Having it once is normal, but if you have irregular menstruation cycle quite frequently, then it might be a cause of worry.

      What's the Reason?

      The causes given below will answer your question as to why it happens. The most common causes of this problem has been listed below.

      •Hormonal imbalance is one cause for this irregular menstruation. Sometimes when women undergoes emotional problems, the hormones usually goes bonkers and this results in two periods.
      •A fall in the thyroid level is also another cause for irregular periods or two periods.
      •Thickening of the uterine wall which often occurs due to hormonal imbalance, can also lead to excess bleeding.
      •Weight loss or weight gain.
      •Lack of proper diet or diet without any nutrition.
      •Excessive smoking and drinking.
      •Women might also suffer while on birth control, and this might be one of the side effects of birth control pills.
      •Certain medications and drugs can also lead to this problem.
      •Stress or excessive intake of caffeine is another cause.
      •Chemotherapy can also be a cause.
      •If you had given birth to a child recently.
      •Two periods after stopping birth control pills are due to the decrease in the number of hormones that have occurred due to the pills.
      •A miscarriage can also lead to this issue.

      If you think that the bleeding during the second period is pretty heavy or if you have it quite frequently, then visit the doctor immediately and follow what he says. Do not worry, and follow a healthy diet to stay fit.

  21. QUESTION:
    What are the other reasons for light period?
    Okay so I had sex with my boyfriend last april 11 and after a few hours i got my period. May 9 i had light period. I do not think i am pregnant, is it because of stress or something? Do anybody know why is it like that? Thank you
    And yes we had protection when we did it.

    • ANSWER:
      Causes

      Both internal as well as external factors can trigger light periods in women. Some of the most commonly found reasons are explained here:

      Hormonal Imbalance
      One of the most prevalent causes of a light period is hormonal imbalance where the woman's body start producing excess amounts of the male hormone testosterone and less amount of the female hormones estrogen. Lack of sufficient estrogen tends to thin up the lining of the uterus which results in lighter menstrual flow.

      Menopause
      During menopause, the ovaries do not produce enough reproductive hormones like estrogen and progesterone and create a hormonal imbalance. As a result, menstrual flow decreases over a period of time before it comes to a complete halt. During this phase, menopausal women experience lighter period than usual and it is absolutely normal.

      Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
      In this condition, small cysts are formed inside the ovaries and this causes various menstrual abnormalities. In some months a woman may get heavy bleeding during period and in others it will be a lighter flow. They may even miss periods in some months. Such irregularities of period are accompanied by pelvic pain and nausea.

      Birth Control Pills
      If you are getting lighter periods after starting a new birth control pill, then it could be that pill responsible for that condition. The hormone present in these pills tends to bring about some changes in your body. As a result, the duration of the menstrual cycle and the blood flow during periods may decrease within the first few months.

      Pregnancy
      Yes, the possibility of pregnancy cannot be ruled out. When you get a light period all of a sudden and there are some early pregnancy symptoms like morning sickness, take a pregnancy test as soon as possible. Even though it is rare but there are some women who get light menstrual spotting in their first month of pregnancy.

      Stress
      Mental stress often has an adverse effect on the menstruation. If you are under a lot of stress, just before the onset of your monthly period, it is likely that you get a light period. This is because your body assumes it is an emergency and diverts the blood flow to the brain, lungs and other vital organs of the body to ensure normal body functioning. Once the stress levels go down, normal flow of period is restored.

      Excessive Physical Exertion
      Women athletes are prone to lighter periods because of their rigorous physical training sessions. When their physical activities are less intense, the menstrual flow usually returns to normal. Non athlete women may get lighter period after too much of exercising or traveling.

      Other Reasons
      Young girls and women who eat less to maintain a low body weight often get light periods. This happens because the lack of nutrition and low body weight affect production of hormones in the body. Those women who are suffering from chronic health problems such as diabetes or osteoporosis can have this kind of problem. It can be triggered by thyroid problems or as a side effect of certain medicines.

      Diagnosis and Treatment

      If you get it once in a while, then you may not require any treatment. However, other cases, require thorough investigation by your gynecologist. They conduct physical examination, blood test and Pap test to ascertain the cause. They may also conduct a pregnancy test, if required. Your lifestyle and medical history is also taken into account. The treatment then depends on the reasons for light periods. Change in diet and lifestyle is recommended in most cases. Stress reduction is also important to keep the menstrual flow normal. When strenuous physical activities causes this problem, the doctor may suggest you to cut down on your training sessions. Ovarian cysts are often treated with birth control pills and other medicines containing synthetic hormones. Women who have high levels of testosterone may have to undergo androgen therapy.

      If you suspect that something is wrong, there's no need to press the panic button unnecessarily. Visit a gynecologist for check up. Conditions that lead to light periods are treatable and are not always an indication of some major gynecological problem. However, to avoid any further complications, it is best to seek medical help as soon as you sense something is wrong.

  22. QUESTION:
    how do you know if your actually depressed and not just an average teenager?
    i know teenagers have hormones or w/e but is there a way to tell if you just can't handle your emotions correctly b/c sumthing is actually wrong with you?

    • ANSWER:
      Before you go to a psychiatrist or take any psychiatric drugs (more on that later) you should see if there is any physiological reason that you're feeling this way.

      The first thing I recommend you do is to make an appointment with a good medical doctor (but not a psychiatrist) to do a complete medical workup on you and a full panel of blood tests. The tests may reveal a root cause of your depression -- perhaps you have a vitamin deficiency, hormonal imbalance, lack of certain amino acids or a low-functioning thyroid. All of these things can be tested for and treated. Perhaps, once you have all of that corrected you won't need to take anything for your depression because the underlying cause will be corrected. Safe Harbor runs a website with a directory of holistic medical practitioners who will help you find the root cause of your depression: http://www.alternativementalhealth.com

      If you do that, and your doctor finds all of your tests came back normal or if you start taking some supplements prescribed by your doctor but still don't feel markedly better then you may want to consider talking to your doctor about taking some herbs. Here are some herbs that you may find helpful:

      Kava (Piper methysticum) is a member of the pepper family that has been cultivated by Pacific Islanders for over 3000 years for use as a social and ceremonial drink. The first description of kava came to the west with Captain James Cook, who traveled through the South Seas in a number of celebrated voyages. To this day, when village elders or others in the Pacific Islands come together for a significant meeting, they begin with an elaborate kava ceremony. Currently, kava is used in Europe and increasingly in the United States to treat stress, anxiety, and insomnia.

      Valerian: Nature's valium. Another favorite for the treatment of anxiety is valerian. Derived from the dried rhizomes and roots of this tall plant, which grows in wet soil in many countries, valerian has been used for thousands of years as a folk remedy. As a natural relaxant, it is useful for several disorders including restlessness, nervousness, insomnia, menstural problems, and "nervous" stomach. Valerian acts on the brain's GABA receptors to produce a tranquilizing action that is similar to Valium-type drugs, but without the same side effects.

      St. John's Wort: Wonder Weed. Imagine an antidepressant that is as effective as prescription drugs but has mild side effects, if any, and even boosts libido. Sound like a fantasy? It's not. You've just met St. John's Wort, an herb taken by many thousands of people every day. In fact, in Europe, Hypericum perforatum is prescribed by doctors five times as often as Prozac.

      You can take herbs on your own without discussing it with your doctor or an herbalist (they're available even at the corner drug store as well as on the internet and in health food store) But I recommend taking herbs under the supervision of a doctor or herbalist to make sure that you're taking the herbs and dosages that are right for you. I'll give you the website for the American Herbalists Guild: http://www.americanherbalistsguild.com Or if you really would like to see a psychiatrist, there aren't a lot of good ones but one who's awesome is located in Pacific Palisades California and I believe you can get medical advice from her by email (for a fee) Dr. Cass's website is listed below. Dr. Cass, unlike most psychiatrists, is an orthomolecular psychiatrist who has extensive knowledge of herbal remedies and tries to avoid psychiatric labelling of people.

      However, I recommend against seeing a psychiatrist. Psychiatrists do no tests and the drugs they prescribe are very dangerous:

      Psychiatrists claim that a person “needs” a drug to combat their “chemical imbalance” in the brain which is causing a person’s “mental disorder.” However, the concept that a brain-based, chemical imbalance underlies mental illness is false. While popularized by heavy public marketing, it is simply psychiatric wishful thinking. As with all of psychiatry’s disease models, it has been thoroughly discredited by researchers.

      In 1996, psychiatrist David Kaiser said, “...modern psychiatry has yet to convincingly prove the genetic/biologic cause of any single mental illness...Patients [have] been diagnosed with ‘chemical imbalances’ despite the fact that no test exists to support such a claim, and...there is no real conception of what a correct chemical balance would look like.”

      And if you're interested in reading about traditional psychiatry and why the drugs it prescribes are dangerous check out the Citizens Commission on Human Rights website at http://www.cchr.org They're the foremost human rights organization documenting psychiatric abuse and advocating for psychiatric reform.

  23. QUESTION:
    I just started taking lithium carbonate 300 mg in the am, 600 mg in the evening?
    What are the side effects, did anyone experience weight gain or weight loss on this medication?

    • ANSWER:
      This is from the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) site, so it should be reliable:

      "Common side effects of lithium include nausea, loss of appetite, and mild diarrhea. These side effects will usually go away after the first few weeks as your body adjusts to the medication. Dizziness and hand tremors have also been reported. Increased production of urine and excessive thirst are two common side effects that are usually not serious problems. Other side effects of lithium include weight gain, hypothyroidism (low levels of thyroid hormone), increased white blood cell count, acne, and skin rashes. Signs of hypothyroidism include dry skin, hair loss, sensitivity to cold, hoarseness, mental depression, and weight gain.

      Consumers should tell their doctor immediately if they develop lack of coordination, muscle weakness, slurred speech, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, or an increase in tremors or shaking. These symptoms may be a sign of having too much lithium in the body which requires medical attention."

      I hope this helps. Check the source link for more information.

  24. QUESTION:
    What are some ways to increase testosterone levels naturally?

    • ANSWER:
      It's far better for your body to produce the testosterone than to take a steroid. Taking testosterone in the form of the steroids that are being sold as good for you is not the way to go. Your body can become dependent on them and get lazy and not produce your own hormone. The HGH hype being promoted on Radio & T.V. is a great marketing ploy. It does help boost your growth hormone levels, but wreaks havoc with your body's endocrine system.

      Leg training produces high testosterone levels and results in larger chest, back and arm muscles, because of the huge demand for repair that leg training results in. Leg training also creates natural HGH that builds muscle and creates an anti-aging effect while we sleep. Simply put: train legs hard and your whole body gets bigger.

      There are many other things you can do to boost testosterone levels. Increase your EFA consumption. Essential Fatty Acids from sources such as avocados, fish and healthy oils like flax seed, olive are a great way to naturally boost testosterone levels. AVOID Canola oils and soybean oils. These oils generate large amounts of trans fats when heated.

      Eliminate ALL soy from your diet. Soy protein raises the body’s levels of estrogen (the main female hormone) and this has a direct negative effect on testosterone levels. Soy also inhibits mineral absorption, especially iron (50%) and slows your thyroid function down.

      Limit your consumption of alcohol. Alcohol has been shown to have quite a dramatic effect on testosterone levels, so try to limit your "binge drinking" nights and keep your alcohol consumption in moderation.

      Increase your dietary intake of cruciferous vegetables. Broccoli, cauliflower, radishes, turnips, cabbage and brussel sprouts have all been shown to dramatically reduce estrogen levels, thereby raising testosterone. Be sure to cook these vegetables because if you do not, they will slow your thyroid down.

      Lower your daily stress levels. Being overly stressed stimulates the release of “cortisol”, a highly catabolic hormone that will cause your testosterone levels to plummet.

      Increase your sexual activity. Sexual stimulation causes the body to increase the production of oxytocin which increases endorphin production (the "feel-good" hormone), and this also raises testosterone.

      Make sure to get adequate sleep every night. A lack of sleep contributes to cortisol production, and this will lower your testosterone levels. It is important you get at least 5 hours of uninterrupted sleep. It takes this to get your body to go into a quality REM sleep that recharges your adrenal glands.

      good luck to you

  25. QUESTION:
    Why is hypothyroidism more common in women than men?
    I know what hypothyroidism is, but what causes more women to have hypothyroidism than men? If a male has hypothyroidism what would be some causes to that? In general, what are some underlying causes of hypothyroidism? My dad told me he went to the doctors and has hypothyroidism and has to go back to find out the causes. I don't know if their is a family history of hypothyroidism or other auto-immune diseases.

    • ANSWER:
      Thyroid activity fluctuates within the day in response to diet, stress, temperature, etc. In light of this knowledge, one can speculate or identify genetic, hormonal, lifestyle, & dietary factors as contributors to hypothyroidism.

      Since hypothyroidism often besets someone gradually, it is one of the degenerative diseases that gets noticed as lifespans increase.As you mentioned, autoimmune diseases can target the thyroid & cause dysfunction, either by elevating thyroid activity or decreasing it (sometimes it increases it first & then decreases it later). It's hard to isolate this as genetic or hormonal, since women do tend to have more autoimmune disorders. Perhaps it's both. Estradiol (an estrogen) can have an antagonistic effect on thyroid function by competing for binding sites. If estradiol binds first, then thyroxine/tetraiodothyronine (T4) & triidothyronine (T3) cannot exert their effects. Estradiol also limits other thermogenic (calorie burning) & potentially thyroid stimulating effects due to its functions in limiting muscular development & encouraging fat storage. Furthermore, estradiol does not limit the activity of the adrenal glands the way that testosterone does. The "fatigue" of the adrenal glands (not as pronounced or fatal as Addison's Disease) due to insufficient curbing of their activity can decrease thyroid function. Lifestyle factors such as lack of stress reduction accelerate this process. Finally, women tend to consume less calories than men; more specifically, they eat less fat & protein. Whereas adequate fat consumption is essential for the production of certain hormones (cortisol, aldosterone, progesterone, estradiol, testosterone, etc.), adequate protein consumption is essential for peptide hormones like thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones consist of the amino acid tyrosine combined with 1, 2, 3, or 4 atoms of iodine (hence, they have names such as tri - iodo - thyronine). In the hope of losing weight or keeping weight down, many women deprive themselves of the building blocks for healthy amounts of hormones. Some foods & supplements are goitrogenic (goiter inducing/reduce thyroid activity), such as soy. Sometimes, the cause is idiopathic (of unknown origin).

      Men with hypothyroidism may have similar causes, such as an insufficient diet, excessive stress, etc. Low testosterone may correlate with low thyroid hormones, but it's hard to say which causes which, as there are thyroid receptors in the testes, yet testosterone may increase or decrease thyroid hormone production (without necessarily causing hypothyroid symptoms). Likewise, men may have idiopathic hypothyroidism.

      Most of the factors listed above still fall within two basic categories: primary (the organ itself) hypothyroidism or secondary (the organ[s] that instruct it to act) hypothyroidism. Both men & women may have hypothyroidism as a result of inadequate TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) from the pituitary gland or failure of the thyroid to respond properly to TSH.

      Sorry to make your eyes bleed from this lengthy response. As a final consideration, make sure your dad's doctor tests for thyroid function thoroughly via blood tests. TSH standards for hypothyroidism have been drastically revised (from 5.0 or greater to 3.0 or greater), & TSH itself is insufficient to identify true hypothyroidism without accounting for symptoms. The pituitary often mismeasures need for thyroid stimulating hormone. T4, T3, free T4, free T3, & reverse T3 are vital for determining true thyroid function. The source listed below contains information from patients contending with hypothyroidism who seek the best, most up-to-date medical advice concerning their disease. I wish you & your father well, as this can be very difficult to treat without a good doctor *who listens*.

  26. QUESTION:
    what does it mean that i have a slightly alivated TSH count?
    6.5 mlul/l
    i know that it has to do with regulating the thyroid gland. but what does it mean that it's elevated? what are the effects? what are the causes?

    • ANSWER:
      Reference ranges vary from lab to lab, but usually anything above 5.0 is considered in the hypothyroid range (under active thyroid). Low energy, dry hair and skin, difficulty losing weight and cold intolerance are just some of the few effect that can happen with hypothyroidism. It depends what type of hypothyroidism you have, but some are caused by a deficiency of iodine and some by a lack of the thyroid gland or a deficiency of hormones from either the hypothalamus or the pituitary. You might be advised to go on Levothyroxine to lower your TSH to the normal range.

  27. QUESTION:
    Why do I never feel excited anymore or feel like doing anything?
    I find myself not caring about anything anymore. I feel kind of like a zombie at school. I just slug through and do the same thing everyday. I don't really feel excited about anything anymore. I'm also always tired, even though I go to bed at a reasonable time. Idk I just feel weird. :(

    • ANSWER:
      Emily,

      First of all sorry to hear you are feeling that way. This happens sometime with men and it can be due to a lack of testosterone in the body. I did some research and there could be a few reasons why you are feeling this way. When the adrenals are required to produce cortisol and other stress hormones without pause for long periods, your body inevitably will be denied the rest and recovery it needs. This cycle will leave you feeling tired, perhaps even sluggish and foggy-headed.

      Restoring adrenal balance can bring relief from symptoms, and help your body manage additional effects of stress that cause damage "downstream." However, for some women, fatigue is part of a separate set of symptoms that stem more from hormonal fluctuations. These hormonal imbalances may be significant during PMS, perimenopause, and menopause.

      Another possible underlying cause of fatigue is thyroid imbalance. Thyroid-related fatigue can include non-restorative sleep, where you wake up after sleeping for hours, but still feel exhausted. Underactive or “sluggish” thyroid can cause a wide array of symptoms though conventional testing results may still be in the “normal” range. If this is the case with you, or if you suspect your fatigue may be thyroid-related, you may want to take the initiative and begin supporting your thyroid function more actively.

      If this feeling persists, I would advise you to go see a doctor and have your blood work analyzed. It may just be a lack of certain vitamins or nutrients, or maybe you aren't sleeping well. How is your sleep? Try going for long walks or a brisk run. It will get your metabolism up and make you feel more tired at bedtime. I'm no doctor though so if this persists you should go and see one.

      Hope this helped.

      Best,
      Bart

  28. QUESTION:
    Can amoxicillin make your period last longer?
    I had been on my period for two days, and then I got sick and was prescribed amoxicillin for 10 days. I usually have my period for 5-7 days and I'm currently on day 13. I also missed last month..Is this just my period being weird or could the antibiotics be a factor?

    • ANSWER:
      Hello Cari, Yes.

      Causes

      Stress and Anxiety: If the woman is under some kind of mental stress, due to any event in her personal or professional life, it can cause irregularity in the cycle, i.e. delay the cycle or cause excessive bleeding.

      Poor diet: If the woman does not eat properly, skips meals or eats mostly junk food which lacks in the required nutrients essential for a healthy body, it can cause an alteration in her menstrual cycles.

      Medication: A woman who is taking some drugs or medicines, can have her cycles altered as a side effect of the medication.

      Physical Activity: An excess of physical activities, such as exercising more than the body can take, can also create menstrual problems.

      New Cycle: When a girl has just started with her menses, for a period of up to a year, her cycle might be irregular, resulting in her experiencing long cycles.

      Menopause: A woman above the age of forty, who is nearing menopause, experiences lots of irregularities and changes in her menstrual cycles, till the time they finally end. These changes take place due to an unbalance that is created in the hormones estrogen and progesterone, when a woman nears the end of her reproductive years.

      Sex: A woman who has had sex for the first time, might find her menstrual cycle getting changed during that specific month. This is because lots of hormonal changes take place inside a woman's body when she becomes sexually active.

      Disease: Women who have diabetes, thyroid problems, pituitary disorders, liver problems, pelvic inflammatory disease, polycystic ovary syndrome or other health conditions are more prone to having long cycles.

  29. QUESTION:
    Bio question on kidneys and antidiuretic hormone?
    What would happen to a person's kidney function if their body didn't produce ADH? What effect would this have on the person's life?

    • ANSWER:
      you would get addisons disease- i wrote this assigment

      Addison’s Disease and Hormone Replacement Therapy-

      Addison’s disease is created when the adrenal glands on a person do not produce enough of the hormone cortisol and in some cases, the hormone aldosterone. For this reason, the disease is sometimes called chronic adrenal insufficiency, or hypocortisolism. This results in the person’s nephrons fail to reabsorb salts, making the osmotic balance of the body becoming chronically out of balance.

      Cortisol is normally produced by the adrenal glands, located above the kidneys. Cortisol belongs to a class of hormones named glucocorticoids, which affect almost every organ and tissue in the body. Scientists think that cortisol has possibly hundreds of effects in the body, most of which are unknown. Cortisol's most important job is to help the body respond to stress. Among its other vital tasks, cortisol:
      −helps maintain blood pressure and cardiovascular function;
      −helps slow the immune system's inflammatory response;
      −helps balance the effects of insulin in breaking down sugar for energy;
      −helps regulate the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.

      This disease is treated successful through Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT).
      The HRT releases appropriate doses of steroid hormones. The hormone normally used is cortisone, but the person can never totally be cured, but can live symptom free on HRT.

      Addison’s disease is quite rare, affecting 1 in 100,000 people. Addison’s disease affects people of all ages and genders equally. The disease causes weight loss, muscle weakness, low blood pressure, darkening of the skin inside and out of the body and fatigue.

      Due to the fact that cortisol is so vital to health, the amount of cortisol produced by the adrenals must be precisely balanced. Like other hormones, cortisol is regulated by the brain's hypothalamus and the pituitary gland. Firstly, the hypothalamus sends "releasing hormones" to the pituitary gland. The pituitary responds by secreting other hormones that regulate growth, thyroid and adrenal function, and sex hormones such as estrogen and testosterone. One of the pituitary's main functions is to secrete ACTH (adrenocorticotropin), a hormone that stimulates the adrenal glands. When the adrenals receive the pituitary's signal in the form of ACTH, they respond by producing cortisol. Completing the cycle, cortisol then signals the pituitary to lower secretion of ACTH.Aldosterone belongs to a class of hormones called mineralocorticoids, also produced by the adrenal glands. It helps maintain blood pressure and water and salt balance in the body by helping the kidney retain sodium and excrete potassium. When aldosterone production falls too low, the kidneys are not able to regulate salt and water balance, causing blood volume and blood pressure to drop.
      The problem may be due to dysfunctions of the adrenal glands themselves (primary adrenal insufficiency) or to inadequate secretion of ACTH by the pituitary gland (secondary adrenal insufficiency). Though in most cases of Addison's disease are caused by the gradual destruction of the adrenal cortex, the outer layer of the adrenal glands, by the body's own immune system. About 70 percent of reported cases of Addison's disease are due to autoimmune disorders, in which the immune system makes antibodies that attack the body's own tissues or organs and slowly destroy them. Adrenal insufficiency occurs when at least 90 percent of the adrenal cortex has been destroyed. As a result, often both glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid hormones are lacking. Sometimes only the adrenal gland is affected, as in idiopathic adrenal insufficiency; sometimes other glands also are affected, as in the polyendocrine deficiency syndrome.
      Treatment of Addison's disease involves substituting the hormones that the adrenal glands are not producing. Cortisol is replaced orally with hydrocortisone tablets, a synthetic glucocorticoid. If aldosterone is also deficient, it is replaced a mineralocorticoid, called fludrocortisone acetate (Florinef). Patients receiving aldosterone replacement therapy are usually advised by a doctor to increase their salt intake. Because patients with secondary adrenal insufficiency normally maintain aldosterone production, they do not require aldosterone replacement therapy. The doses of each of these medications are adjusted to meet the needs of individual patients.During an addisonian crisis, low blood pressure, low blood sugar, and high levels of potassium can be life threatening. Standard therapy involves intravenous injections of hydrocortisone, saline (salt water), and dextrose (sugar). This treatment usually brings rapid improvement. When the patient can take fluids and medications by mouth, the amount of hydrocortisone is decreased until a maintenance dose is achieved. If aldosterone is deficient, maintenance therapy also includes oral doses of fludrocortisone acetate.

  30. QUESTION:
    What are some remedies for insomnia?
    I am not sleeping much these days. I average one good night of rest per week(seven hours). This is wreaking havoc on my health. Most of the time I only get 3-4 hours per night. I am up late and then I wake up early every day. It is wrecking havoc on my health and my life. I was dating a girl, and my lack of sleep and energy, is now effecting our relationship poorly. What in the hell can I do? I gotta go to a job, and function in life and stuff. The girlfriend is a luxury, but I do have to retain employment, and be functional in society. I can't walk around like a zombie all the time. Anyone know some good remedies for insomnia? Im starting to lose muscle mass from this crap, and my immune system is suffering too. I need help.

    • ANSWER:
      In order to properly treat and cure your insomnia, you need to become a sleep detective. Emotional issues such as stress, anxiety, and depression cause half of all insomnia cases. But your daytime habits, sleep routine, and physical health may also play a role. Try to identify all possible causes of your insomnia. Once you figure out the root cause, you can tailor treatment accordingly.

      Are you under a lot of stress?
      Are you depressed or feel emotionally flat or hopeless?
      Do you struggle with chronic feelings of anxiety or worry?
      Have you recently gone through a traumatic experience?
      Are you taking any medications that might be affecting your sleep?
      Do you have any health problems that may be interfering with sleep?
      Is your sleep environment quiet and comfortable?
      Are you spending enough time in sunlight during the day and in darkness at night?
      Do you try to go to bed and get up around the same time every day?
      Psychological problems that can cause insomnia: depression, anxiety, chronic stress, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder.
      Medications that can cause insomnia: antidepressants; cold and flu medications that contain alcohol; pain relievers that contain caffeine (Midol, Excedrin); diuretics, corticosteroids, thyroid hormone, high blood pressure medications.
      Medical problems that can cause insomnia: asthma, allergies, Parkinson’s disease, hyperthyroidism, acid reflux, kidney disease, cancer, chronic pain.
      Sleep disorders that can cause insomnia: sleep apnea, narcolepsy, restless legs syndrome.
      Some habits are so ingrained that you may overlook them as a possible contributor to your insomnia. Maybe your daily Starbucks habit affects your sleep more than you realize. Or maybe you’ve never made the connection between your late-night TV viewing or Internet surfing and your sleep difficulties. Keeping a sleep diary is a helpful way to pinpoint habits and behaviors contributing to your insomnia. All you have to do is jot down daily details about your daytime habits, sleep routine, and insomnia symptoms. For example, you can keep track of when you go to sleep and when you wake up, where you fall asleep, what you eat and drink, and any stressful events that occur during the day. Make sure your bedroom is quiet, dark, and cool. Noise, light, and heat can interfere with sleep. Try using a sound machine or earplugs to hide outside noise, an open window or fan to keep the room cool, and blackout curtains or a sleep mask to block out light.
      Stick to a regular sleep schedule. Support your biological clock by going to bed and getting up at the same time every day, including weekends. Get up at your usual time in the morning even if you’re tired. This will help you get back in a regular sleep rhythm.
      Avoid naps. Napping during the day can make it more difficult to sleep at night. If you feel like you have to take a nap, limit it to 30 minutes before 3 p.m.
      Avoid stimulating activity and stressful situations before bedtime. This includes vigorous exercise; big discussions or arguments; and TV, computer, or video game use.
      Limit caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine. Stop drinking caffeinated beverages at least eight hours before bed. Avoid drinking alcohol in the evening; while alcohol can make you feel sleepy, it interferes with the quality of your sleep. Quit smoking or avoid it at night, as nicotine is a stimulant. Increase light exposure during the day. Take breaks outside in sunlight, remove sunglasses when it’s safe to do so, and open blinds and curtains during the day.
      Limit artificial light at night. To boost melatonin production, use low-wattage bulbs, cover windows and electrical displays in your bedroom, avoid bright light and turn off television and computer screens at least one hour before bed. If you can’t make your bedroom dark enough, try using a sleep mask.Use the bedroom only for sleeping and sex. Don’t work, read, watch TV, or use your computer in bed or the bedroom. The goal is to associate the bedroom with sleep and sex, so that when you get in bed your brain and body get a strong signal that it’s time to nod off or be romantic.
      Get out of bed when you can’t sleep. Don’t try to force yourself to sleep. Tossing and turning only amps up the anxiety. Get up, leave the bedroom, and do something relaxing, such as reading, drinking a warm cup of caffeine-free tea, taking a bath, or listening to soothing music. When you’re sleepy, go back to bed.
      Move bedroom clocks out of view. Anxiously watching the minutes tick by when you can’t sleep—knowing that you’re going to be exhausted when the alarm goes off—is a surefire recipe for insomnia. You can use an alarm, but make sure you can’t see the time when you’re in bed. A variety of relaxation techniques help you achieve the relaxation response, including:

      deep breathing
      progressive muscle relaxation
      meditation
      visualization
      yoga
      tai chi

  31. QUESTION:
    Why would a 20 year old guy have a low sex drive?
    My fiance only wants sex every few weeks or less. What reasons, medical or otherwise, would there be for him to have such a low libido?

    • ANSWER:
      What Causes Low Libido and Erectile Dysfunction?

      Chronic or even minor illness
      An imbalance in the sex glands such as the thyroid or pituitary
      Depression
      Insufficient testosterone
      Insufficient amounts of the male sex hormone
      Drugs
      Stress can sabotage sex drive
      Vascular disease
      Heart Disease
      Diabetes
      High blood pressure
      Libido suppressing drugs
      Alcoholism or substance abuse
      Lack of libido vitamins, in particular zinc
      Smoking
      Neurological disorders and other medical conditions that might have caused trauma to the pelvis or spinal cord
      Peyronie’s disease (build up of scar tissue on the penis)
      Emotional issues
      Conditions associated with aging

      Communication is big! So ask him the hard questions.
      Remember it isn't all your fault. Don't let it effect how you feel about yourself. Many relationships have this same problem. You are not alone.

  32. QUESTION:
    Why have I been on my period for over 2 weeks?
    I have never been regular, and I have had some long ones before, but this one is a killer. I'm in college and I don't have a doctor right now or anything. My roommate says that she is really late and I joked that maybe I am having hers for her. For real, though. What could be wrong with me?

    • ANSWER:
      Causes

      Stress and Anxiety: If the woman is under some kind of mental stress, due to any event in her personal or professional life, it can cause irregularity in the cycle, i.e. delay the cycle or cause excessive bleeding.

      Poor diet: If the woman does not eat properly, skips meals or eats mostly junk food which lacks in the required nutrients essential for a healthy body, it can cause an alteration in her menstrual cycles.

      Medication: A woman who is taking some drugs or medicines, can have her cycles altered as a side effect of the medication.

      Physical Activity: An excess of physical activities, such as exercising more than the body can take, can also create menstrual problems.

      New Cycle: When a girl has just started with her menses, for a period of up to a year, her cycle might be irregular, resulting in her experiencing long cycles.

      Menopause: A woman above the age of forty, who is nearing menopause, experiences lots of irregularities and changes in her menstrual cycles, till the time they finally end. These changes take place due to an unbalance that is created in the hormones estrogen and progesterone, when a woman nears the end of her reproductive years.

      Sex: A woman who has had sex for the first time, might find her menstrual cycle getting changed during that specific month. This is because lots of hormonal changes take place inside a woman's body when she becomes sexually active.

      Disease: Women who have diabetes, thyroid problems, pituitary disorders, liver problems, pelvic inflammatory disease, polycystic ovary syndrome or other health conditions are more prone to having long cycles.

  33. QUESTION:
    IBS and Anxiety is majorly effecting my life, how can I stop it?
    This might be a long one, but I will explain my situation as best I can and really appreciate some answers :)

    Ive had IBS and anxiety for 5 years now, and it has come to a point where I feel I am running out of options. I have good and bad days with IBS, but I constantly have anxiety everyday. I constantly worry about not being able to get to a toilet. 2 years ago I went through a period of 4-5 months with having no major bad days whatsoever,and I could go out with my friends and enjoy life. I met a new boyfriend, made new friends and got a new job. I was confident, and was on a high! I still had IBS, but i could cope with it and anxiety was very low. I moved in with my boyfriend and his family.

    However things started to change last year when I started the pill (I had never taken it before). I thought I would try it as I suffered with very painful periods. I had terrible moodswings and felt my body changing. One of the side effects of the pill is upset stomach, which it effected me majorly as I have IBS. I felt odd pains and very tired, and started to become confused about what was a 'normal' sign of my body getting used to the pill. I wasn't enjoying my job anymore and wasn't getting along with some of my colleagues, whom were quite unsympathetic and brought a lot of stress into the workplace. At this point my anxiety was growing and would be having to run in and out of the toilet a lot at work and at home feeling embarrassed. After some time I decided i couldn't handle working there anymore and gave in my resignation. I carried on seeing friends and going out etc, but i noticed I would constantly feel on edge and tense. I started to have more and more panic attacks, none which I had experienced before. I don't really get along with my boyfriend's brother (he lives in the same house with us) and would annoy and upset me nearly everyday (and still is) so I cannot feel relaxed.

    It has now got to a point where I can't even go to the local shops just down the road, let alone a job interview. I stay in our bedroom most of the time and rarely sit anywhere else in the house as i feel uncomfortable. Whenever I am out, I get terrible pains in my stomach and start to feel very tense, and feel like I am going to have an upset stomach. I get terrified of not being able to get to a toilet, or knowing there isn't a toilet nearby so I panic. I also get very anxious at home as there is quite a few people living in the same house and i feel myself panicking whenever someone is in the shower or using the bathroom.

    I visited the doctor in which they have referred me to counselling. I am currently waiting for them to contact me. As usual they offered me medication but having tried it before and experiencing no effect I said no. My IBS isn't the main issue anymore but anxiety is deffo not helping it and has risen a hell of a lot that I think it might be becoming a disorder. Everyday is a real battle with my mind as I'm constantly trying to calm down when I am out.

    I would really appreciate any tips or advice on my situation and anxiety and how I can help lower my anxiety levels to I can go out more and get a job, and to live my life again. Thank you.
    Forgot to add I stopped taking the pill a month ago, so I was on it for about 5-6 months.I have already noticed my mood has got a lot better and I don't feel the odd pains and feelings in my body anymore. However my anxiety is still sky high!

    • ANSWER:
      I do know the method that will help you heal your anxiety once and for all and most regular therapists don't know it , so I would just save money and time and go here , put anxiety, IBS anything into the search bar, eftuniverse.com and read the success stories there. This is the only method that will acutally resolve the underlying issues quickly so that the pain/emotions don't come back .
      I would make an appointment with someone properly trained , eftmasters.com , instead of the counselling you are referred to, because I know doctors refer to therapists that don't have a clue on how to help you actually heal. Even EMDR is second rate to this method.
      Here is the free version, you can read for yourself, emofree.com
      When you stated some of the things you stated, and now that you feel better after stopping the pill, my first thoughts are that you need to get a good basic hormone tests done, like she does here, look at her tests, thehallcentervenice.com, the people who test for hormones besides endocrinologists, who won't do that anyway, because they deal all day with diabetes and other serious problems, are the HRT doctors, or functional medical doctors,nnaturopathic , holistic doctors, who test for hormone balances. It really depends on how one reads the 'normal ' ranges because they vary for each person. Obgyns tend to not test enough , and when they do, they still throw antidepressansts at them, which don't work (search them here, mercola.com), will not balance hormones . so I think they don't have a clue what you actually need .
      Further, it is a nutrient /mineral lacking to have bad cramps, as welll as hormone imbalances. I think it was chromium for cramps, but not sure. You need to find out from a nutrient (vitamins, minerals, electrolytes, etc) specialist or someone with knowledge. You can ask these world experts thyroidpower.com they sometimes answer questions at thecanaryclub.org, these doctors could help you a LOT.
      For the IBS, it is also known that hormone imbalances can cause that, especially hyper thyroid or others off balance. So, that is another reason to get properly tested. One hormone off balance can throw the others off as well.
      Next, a thought came to mind that you need to be ultrasound or tested for ovariane, uterine and endometrial cancers, just clear that, so that you don't have to worry or wait too long. Some of your symptoms fit that.
      So, your anxiety can also be related to all the hormone issues , even nutrient deficiencies, and the IBS as well.
      So, find someone who knows what they are doing, dump your current doctor and get better.
      If you are interested I think that there is an article on IBS at ITMonline.org that shows how they treat it, since they know how to heal and reverse lots of conditions that western medicine does not.
      Best wishes in your journey.

  34. QUESTION:
    How to level out hormones naturally ( non - menopausal)?
    I am 20 years of age, and my hormones are all out of whack because of BCP ( specifically Yasmin)

    How can i balance my hormones to how they were before i started the pill?

    thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Your ovaries, pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands are all part of the pituitary axis. All of these glands work together like a team. Birth control causes estrogen dominance, but from a synthetic estrogen that damages the body. Most of the birth control pills are using the synthetic ethinyl estradiol because it is cheap to make and is more potent. We know that the ethinyl estradiol (estrogen) they use in the pill is 1,000 times more potent on it's effects on breast tissue than estriol (estrogen the body makes that protects the breast tissue). Studies of two decades ago clearly found that overexposure to estradiol (and estrone to a lesser extent) increases one's risk of breast cancer. The synthetic ethinyl estradiol used in the pill is really a bad guy that is efficiently absorbed by mouth and slow to be metabolized and excreted. The longer a synthetic estrogen stays in the body, the more opportunity it has to do damage.

      No long term studies have been done that show birth control pills are not contributing to breast cancer. With the rate being a staggering 1 in 7 women now, it would seem people would wake up to the fact something is not right here.

      The pill affects the endocrine system in your body in a very negative way. It creates estrogen dominance and since the ovaries are part of the pituitary axis, when you take the pill, you get the booby prize. The thyroid, pituitary, adrenal, and ovaries are all part of this "axis." When any of these glands becomes insufficient or sick, they all get sick together. This is why many women gain weight when on the pill because the thyroid is affected very negatively and the metabolism slows down. The fatigue comes from the adrenals being affected.

      That birth control, Yazmin, and Yaz and Ocella are involved in a major class action law suit due to many women dying and all kinds of side effects resulting from using that junk. Drug companies are NOT your friend. 1 in 7 women are now getting breast cancer and birth control is on the top of the list as to the cause.

      Here is the web site you can go to and file a claim to be part of the lawsuit:

      http//www.consumerinjuryalert.com/birt…

      Look for other types of birth control methods other than birth control pills that damage the body, turn the endocrine system upside down and are causing all kinds of serious problems in women today.

      To get your hormones back in balance using drugs is not the answer. At 20 years old, you will bounce back faster than an older woman, but it is still going to take some time. The body is about BALANCE and when you do things like take birth control pills, it has made all those glands sick and since they all work together, it's a battle for your body to recover. Making sure you are getting plenty of minerals and vitamins is important, and good fats.

      The one thing you do NOT want to do is eat LOW FAT FOODS. All of your steroid hormones come from cholesterol and having a low cholesterol, low fat diet, and one that is lacking in minerals will greatly slow the process. AVOID: ALL SOY products. Soy is loaded with phytoestrogens, goitrogens (slow your thyroid down) and it removes minerals from the body (especially iron). AVOID bad fats that include: ALL SOYBEAN, canola, cottonseed, and corn oils. These are polyunsaturated oils that go rancid very quickly and when you buy them in a store, they have already oxidized and as a result, the manufacturers add deodorants to them to mask the stench.

      Eat LOTS of: Coconut, palm, real BUTTER from RAW cream of grass fed cows (see: www.organicpastures.com), avocado, flax, and lots of olive oils.

      The drug companies are now in charge of the health care in America. They make 5 times the profit as any other corporation in America and are HUGE donators to politicians and so our laws are geared toward protecting these lunatics. The goal of these companies is NOT CURING ANYTHING, but Managing diseases and relieving symptoms. Birth control falls right into their perfect corporate stategy and financial models.

      Health is the last thing on their agenda. You are very smart to stop taking the pill. There are NO long term studies on the effects of taking that junk.

      good luck to you

      good luck to you

  35. QUESTION:
    What should i do because i got my period 2times this month?
    I got my period on September 2-16 and then it was gone. But now today in the morning i got it again, its very heavy, and i have very painful cramps!!!!!! Please help!!)':

    • ANSWER:
      What doctors usually mean by irregular periods are missed periods (when you miss out a period one month) or when the girl or woman has two periods within a gap of two weeks or spotting between periods. Is it normal to have two periods in one month? Well, sometimes this is not a cause of worry, but it could be a cause of worry if one woman is bleeding post menopausal or if that girl is younger than 12 years old. Then, in that case you have to visit the gynecologist. Having it once is normal, but if you have irregular menstruation cycle quite frequently, then it might be a cause of worry.

      What's the Reason?

      The causes given below will answer your question as to why it happens. The most common causes of this problem has been listed below.

      •Hormonal imbalance is one cause for this irregular menstruation. Sometimes when women undergoes emotional problems, the hormones usually goes bonkers and this results in two periods.

      •A fall in the thyroid level is also another cause for irregular periods or two periods.

      •Thickening of the uterine wall which often occurs due to hormonal imbalance, can also lead to excess bleeding.

      •Weight loss or weight gain.

      •Lack of proper diet or diet without any nutrition.

      •Excessive smoking and drinking.

      •Women might also suffer while on birth control, and this might be one of the side effects of birth control pills.

      •Certain medications and drugs can also lead to this problem.

      •Stress or excessive intake of caffeine is another cause.

      •Chemotherapy can also be a cause.

      •If you had given birth to a child recently.

      •Two periods after stopping birth control pills are due to the decrease in the number of hormones that have occurred due to the pills.

      •A miscarriage can also lead to this issue.

      If you think that the bleeding during the second period is pretty heavy or if you have it quite frequently, then visit the doctor immediately and follow what he says. Do not worry, and follow a healthy diet to stay fit.

  36. QUESTION:
    Does drinking soda slow down your metabolism?
    I have a question. If you just drink soda all day without eating much does drinking the soda still speed up your metabolism like food. The type of shifts I work don't allow but one 10 minute break in a 12 hour shift so I just drink soda to cover up the hunger. I am getting a flabby gut and love handles and don't understand why if I am barely eating. I am a 21 year old male.

    • ANSWER:
      There is nothing in sodas that your body needs and everything in sodas is NOT good for you. Both the sugared sodas and the sugarless sodas have the same effect you your metabolism. Your hypothalamus gland is your master gland and it controls the "feed back loops" of the endocrine system. The endocrine is a system of complex relationships and you can think of it as a spider web where if you touch one part of the web, the whole web shakes. When you affect any organ in the endocrine system, it affects them all. Your thyroid is part of the endocrine system and this gland is responsible for producing hormones (T3 and T4) that speed up your metabolism.

      When you eat anything sweet or anything that is PERCEIVED as sweet like artificial sweeteners, the hypotalamus gland sends hormones to cause the pancreas to secrete more insulin. Then, because refined sugar basically overwhelms the blood stream, a hormone is sent to the pancreas to produce glucagon. Glucagon is a hormone that tells the liver (that is part of the endocrine system) to store glucose (the form sugar takes in your blood stream). These insulin/glucagon spikes cause the body to believe it is in a state of stress and needs to respond, so the adrenal glands fire and flood the body with cortisol, the stress hormone.

      Cortisol is what gives muscles quick energy to respond to stress. The liver reprioritizes it's functions when this happens and women stop reconjugating estrogen and stop making steroid hormones (sex hormones) and the adrenal glands become exhausted and you feel tired. Toxins are stored in fat tissue to protect your organs. As we age and eat cooked and processed foods, we produce less and less stomach acid and this causes our ability to digest food to diminish. This is why by the late 20's we start putting on weight as "stored fat." The fat tissue itself, called adipose tissue, acts like an endocrine organ because it makes a hormone called, Leptin. This hormone is responsible for the "utilization" of insulin and glucagon in the body and is produced based on what "type" of foods you are getting your calories from. If you eat primarily carbs, your fat tissue believes you are starving and it causes your METABOLISM TO SLOW DOWN. Sugar is a low density carb that does this in a big way. This is why people "plateau" when dieting. Fat, on the other hand is where the body gets "sustained" energy, unlike carbs that give quick, fleeting energy. Fat will NOT cause the metabolism to slow down like carbs do for this reason. This is why these lunatics promoting these LOW FAT diets are causing many problems and sickness and unhealthiness is the result.

      So, if you were to eat some good fats, like raw nuts and seeds and possibly Kombucha tea for your break, you would see a dramatic difference in your sustained energy and your weight would be much easier to manage.

      It is going to be important for you to become educated because the only advise you will get from doctors, drug companies, the media and the so called "food experts" that is called, "INDOCTRINATION." If you follow those people, who really have no business talking about nutrition because they are simply indoctrinated themselves with no formal education in nutrition and it is definitely a case of the "blind leading the blind" or better yet, the "sick leading the sick."

      I would make an appointment with a Certified Nutritional Therapist and have them test you to determine what exact nutrient(s) you are lacking and then have them recommend a good diet and possibly supplements to put you on the road to health.

      good luck to you

  37. QUESTION:
    What positive/negative effects have you had from taking vitamin C daily?
    Also, what maximum amount ( in milligrams) of vitamin C is okay to take daily?

    • ANSWER:
      I'm translating some things from an article I found some time ago; some of the medical terms might not be 100%correct.

      Vitamin C is the vitamin of life. It is not at all toxic in any way. You cannot overdose with vitamin C. If you take too much the body just takes what it needs and eliminates the rest through urine in 24 hours.
      !!Vitamin C is EXCELLENT for:

      -its antioxidant action=fights against the free radicals that kill the cells and cause aging.

      !!-great for fixating calcium! without vitamin C, calcium is only half as effective

      -GREAT for our imune system!

      -great defender of the tiroxine molecules produced by the thyroid gland; these molecules affect positively our energy levels and fat retention, but they are kind of weak and easyly destroyed by the free radicals

      -very good for our eyes

      -good for asthma

      -antiinflamatory and antialergic action

      -great skin tonus(30 minutes after eating vitamin C fruits, the colagen production increases 6 times)

      -great for keeping blood vessels unclouted(good for fighting arteriosclerosis)

      -it regulates the percentage of iron in our body

      -great for teeth health>fights germs and cavities

      -Great Great Great positive influence over our psychological well beeing; it stimulates and protects the pituitary gland, making possible the secretion of 10 types of hormones
      which affect: sexuality, growth, stress, tiroid functions.

      -great help in the synthesis of noradrenaline, a substance that has an exciting action, activates the circulation, makes us feel energetic

      -great help in the syntesis of serotonin, which helps us relax and sleep

      -latest scientifical reports show that vitamin C greatly helps in the transmition of the neural impulses, thus stimulating memory and concentration;lack of vitamin C may contribute to neural damage and cerebral aging>Alzheimer

      ---2 lemons a day are great for our health; not only the juice but the flesh also!!, it has some very important substances;with honey it really tastes good

      Lack of vitamin C signs:

      -bloody gums
      -frequent colds
      -persistent fatigue
      -overweight
      -hemmorhoids
      -tendency for inflamated mucous membranes
      -circulatory disorders in the feet area
      -nervousness
      -concentration problems
      -insomnia or sleep problems
      -depressive moods
      -wrinkles and skin creases
      -hair loss
      -general physical weekness and lack of mental energy

  38. QUESTION:
    Does thoroxine pills make you loose weight?
    Hi does anyone know if thoroxine pills make you loose weight? as i read it does and that you can buy them on the net?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, but at a severe negative effect on your body that is nothing to mess with. When you take these Synthetic Hormones, you are causing your thyroid to malfunction and begin depending upon these hormones to regulate your metabolism. Once you start on these, you must continue for the rest of your life or you will get very sick. That is a quote from a doctor. Just ask one and this is what they will tell you.

      Don't look at pills for the magic answer to weight loss. Understand what is involved before you do ANYTHING in regard to weight management. I strongly suggest you get the book, "Life Without Bread" by Christian Allan, Ph.D. to get a basic understanding of how foods affect you. You will be on your way to learning some very basic principals that will help you greatly. If you listen to the so called "food experts" that are nothing more than hired guns of the "food industry" all dressed up to look like they know what they are talking about, you will not do well. They are selling make believe foods and this will give you make believe health. Doctors are not trained in nutrition and are the last people to talk to about what to eat, vitamins to take, etc.

      I strongly suggest you read the book and see a Certified Nutritional Therapist to determine what nutrients you are lacking and they can recommend a great diet, and possibly supplements that will give you good health and help you manage your weight how you want.

      good luck to you

  39. QUESTION:
    Can i take kelp supplements if I have an underactive thyroid?
    I'm on eltroxin and my something levels are fine, but i still have all the symptoms, and the eltroxin only cures part of the problem.
    I know about desiccated thyroid medicine - and i've ordered thyroid-s online. How's thyroid-s?
    and can i take kelp supplements in the meantime?

    Thanks =)

    • ANSWER:
      HOMŒOPATHIC TREATMENT(s) FOR HYPOTHYROIDISM :-

      Thyroid gland synthesize, store and secrete two hormones - Thyroxine and tri-iodo thyroxine; iodine is an essential constituent of these hormones. The decreased function of thyroid gland is called Hypothyroidism. The main symptoms are Oedema, weight gain and thickening of skin and mental derangements, it is more common in ladies during the age of 30 to 50 years.

      Hypothyroidism along with :-

      Lack of self confidence; absent minded; easily offended; loss of memmory; feels better after eating Anacardium Or 30 or 200, 6 hourly .

      Shy; childish behaviour; aversion to strangers; chilly patient Baryta Carb 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses in all)

      History of abortions; weight gain; oedema of extremities and face Pyrogenium 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses in all)

      In chronic cases; as an intercurrent remedy Tuberculinum Koch1M, once fortnightly (3 Doses in all)

      In unmarried persons; forced to celibacy; old bachelors and maids Conium Mac 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses in all)

      Melancholy, irritabilty and restlessness; desires sweets, cannot stand opposition Thyroidin 3X or 30, 4 hourly

      With restlessness; eats well yet emaciates Iodium 30, 4 hourly

      Fear of darkness and thunderstroms; delicate,anaemic patients, craves for cold and salt preparations Phosphorus 200, once weekly (3 Doses in all)

      For hot patients; sweats easily; worse in warm damp weather. Better from any motion, exercise and at sea Bromium 30, once weekly (6 Doses in all) .

      Take the remedy which is similar to your symptoms. No side effects or complications if taken as directed, please do not exceed the given dosage and under any circumstances do not try to mix any remedies and avoid Chocolates, Mints, Coffee, Red Meat, Alcoholic and Carbonated drinks, Spicy Rich Food while taking any Homeopathic remedies, and keep the medicines away from direct sunlight, heat strong smells and perfumes and do not store them in the fridge.
      Curing without any side effects or Complications Thats the Beauty of Homeopathic Medicine.
      Homeopathic remedies are available at most Health& herb stores all over USA and EU.

      Take Care and God Bless.

  40. QUESTION:
    I can sleep for 16 hours straight sometimes more. Is there something wrong with me?
    I am 21 year old female. I don't go out much, have a full time job and I go to school part time. I have to FORCE myself to wake up. Its miserable. I have been checked for diabetes as well as anemia and i have neither. I am a bit over weight. I have no motivation to do anything, on my free time I just find myself exhausted and wanting to sleep. Is there something wrong with me? Or is it just normal?

    • ANSWER:
      the 'bit overweight' the sleeping a lot, the no energy, the lack of motivation can all be thyroid or other hormonal related... you should have a hormone expert help you out, like those below, because they know what to do to help you, and the effects are often dramatic if you test out as imbalanced.....
      write this down, TSH, or thyr;oid shoud test in the .3 to 2 range... as OPTIMAL, and the doctors may not say there is anything wrong if it is up as high as 5 or more.... so get a copy of the results and take them to experts, or find some near you
      The reason i keep harping on this, is that the symptoms fit, and there is an epidemic of thyroid and other hormone imbalances due to the environmental toxins and food additives... take care, happy holidays

  41. QUESTION:
    Why is my period lasting longer than normal?
    Usually my period is 5 days long, ive never experienced one any different length of time. However this week i had my period, everything normal and then now for three days after ive had spotting....i was sick all this week and just moved to college so idk if that has something to do with it.

    is this bad?

    • ANSWER:
      Menstrual cycles vary from woman to woman. There are women who have a shorter cycle of around twenty three days, and there are also women who have longer cycles of about thirty five days. This range of the menstruation cycle, i.e., twenty three to thirty five days is considered normal medically. Sometimes, due to various reasons, a woman might face an irregularity in her periods, i.e., they may not occur for more than two months or even if they occur, there is very heavy bleeding involved. Both these are the signs of long cycles. Let's find out, why do women experience this, followed by some remedies to normalize the menstruation.

      Causes

      Stress and Anxiety: If the woman is under some kind of mental stress, due to any event in her personal or professional life, it can cause irregularity in the cycle, i.e. delay the cycle or cause excessive bleeding.

      Poor diet: If the woman does not eat properly, skips meals or eats mostly junk food which lacks in the required nutrients essential for a healthy body, it can cause an alteration in her menstrual cycles.

      Medication: A woman who is taking some drugs or medicines, can have her cycles altered as a side effect of the medication.

      Physical Activity: An excess of physical activities, such as exercising more than the body can take, can also create menstrual problems.

      New Cycle: When a girl has just started with her menses, for a period of up to a year, her cycle might be irregular, resulting in her experiencing long cycles.

      Menopause: A woman above the age of forty, who is nearing menopause, experiences lots of irregularities and changes in her menstrual cycles, till the time they finally end. These changes take place due to an unbalance that is created in the hormones estrogen and progesterone, when a woman nears the end of her reproductive years.

      Sex: A woman who has had sex for the first time, might find her menstrual cycle getting changed during that specific month. This is because lots of hormonal changes take place inside a woman's body when she becomes sexually active.

      Disease: Women who have diabetes, thyroid problems, pituitary disorders, liver problems, pelvic inflammatory disease, polycystic ovary syndrome or other health conditions are more prone to having long cycles.

      Treatment

      If a woman is experiencing long menstrual cycles, twice or thrice in a year, there is nothing much to worry about it as such changes are pretty common in many women. A woman should eat a balanced and healthy diet with adequate amounts of vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and especially iron, so that she can make up for the loss of nutrients due to excessive bleeding, and also to avoid such irregularities in the future.

      Changing the tampons, a few times in one day is also recommended so that an infection does not occur. Also, many women take aspirin to minimize abdominal pain and cramping that occurs during periods. This should be avoided as aspirin can cause excessive bleeding. Switching to ibuprofen is a good idea, as it is not only used to relieve cramps, but also to reduce the blood loss during menstruation.

      Meditation, yoga and regular exercising to bring down stress, should be incorporated into the daily routine. A relaxed and stress free woman is very unlikely to experience menstrual irregularities.

      Long menstrual cycles, if they occur on a regular basis, in a woman who is of childbearing age, should not be overlooked, as they could be an indication of serious medical conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome. In such a case, doctor should be contacted immediately for proper diagnoses and treatment.

  42. QUESTION:
    Is it normal to have two periods in one month?
    I'm 15 , I first started my period when I was 8. I came on in the first week of April and came back on towards the end. Now , I just came on not to long ago is that normal?

    • ANSWER:
      Is It Normal?

      What doctors usually mean by irregular periods are missed periods (when you miss out a period one month) or when the girl or woman has two periods within a gap of two weeks or spotting between periods. Is it normal to have two periods in one month? Well, sometimes this is not a cause of worry, but it could be a cause of worry if one woman is bleeding post menopausal or if that girl is younger than 12 years old. Then, in that case you have to visit the gynecologist. Having it once is normal, but if you have irregular menstruation cycle quite frequently, then it might be a cause of worry.

      What's the Reason?

      The causes given below will answer your question as to why it happens. The most common causes of this problem has been listed below.
      •Hormonal imbalance is one cause for this irregular menstruation. Sometimes when women undergoes emotional problems, the hormones usually goes bonkers and this results in two periods.
      •A fall in the thyroid level is also another cause for irregular periods or two periods.
      •Thickening of the uterine wall which often occurs due to hormonal imbalance, can also lead to excess bleeding.
      •Weight loss or weight gain.
      •Lack of proper diet or diet without any nutrition.
      •Excessive smoking and drinking.
      •Women might also suffer while on birth control, and this might be one of the side effects of birth control pills.
      •Certain medications and drugs can also lead to this problem.
      •Stress or excessive intake of caffeine is another cause.
      •Chemotherapy can also be a cause.
      •If you had given birth to a child recently.
      •Two periods after stopping birth control pills are due to the decrease in the number of hormones that have occurred due to the pills.
      •A miscarriage can also lead to this issue.
      If you think that the bleeding during the second period is pretty heavy or if you have it quite frequently, then visit the doctor immediately and follow what he says. Do not worry, and follow a healthy diet to stay fit.

  43. QUESTION:
    Type 1 diabetic, trying to get preg but period is once every 6 to 8 months but I still ovulate everyother mtn.
    My periods use to be every 30 to 36 days, then I got diabeties and they we're ok. I'd say in the past 3 years, ever since I got married and had sex with my hubby, my periods stopped. I still ovulate every other month, but I drink alot of diet pop with caffenine in it, would this cause me to stop getting my period, or could it be due to my diabeties? I stopped getting my periods pretty much right after I slept with my husband. I want to get pregnet here, but do I still have eggs to fertilize? I just don't understand. I know I need to go to the doc but if anyone has any advice it would be greatly appriciated!!!! Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Have you had your thyroid tested? Sometimes thyroid problems can run hand in hand with type 1 diabetes, and this could explain the lack of periods you're experiencing.

      I am a type 2 diabetic and I have very sporadic periods due to the elevation in certain hormones, but I don't think you'd be experiencing any of what I experience. We have 2 very different types.

      The pop you drink wouldn't have any effect on your periods. There's something else going on. Make an appt with a doc and ask about having your thyroid tested.

      Good luck on the baby makin'!

      :D

  44. QUESTION:
    Is it normal to have irregular periods 3 to 4 years after I started?
    I'm 16 and I started having my period when I was 13. My mom seems to think it's normal because apparently my period should still be irregular...but my period has been irregular ever since I started when most people say that only the first year should be irregular. I'm a virgin and I've never had sex so i know I'm not pregnant. And this time I was supposed to have my period on the 26th and it's been 2 weeks and I never had my period. Is this normal?

    • ANSWER:
      There are countless reasons why your period could be irregular. I've had my period for years and it's never been "right on time."

      It takes a woman approximately 2-3 years from her first period (menarche) to develop a regular menstrual cycle. If you're young and haven't had your period for very long, you can expect it to be irregular. Hormones controlling menstruation must reach a balance before a regular period develops.

      I agree with another answerer, ask your doctor about the pill, it does regulate periods and can make them lighter and shorter.

      Here are the most common reasons as to why a period may not be "on time":

      Miscalculation

      "The menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman. While we say that the average menstrual cycle is 28 days long, that is not true for everyone. Sometimes our period is believed to be late when in all actuality we have simply miscalculated. If you have irregular menstrual cycles, but know when you ovulate, look for your period about two weeks after you ovulate. That may help you keep an easier track of your periods."

      Stress

      Stress is responsible for decreasing a hormone in our body called Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). This hormone is responsible for telling the body to ovulate or menstruate. When we experience stress (especially emotional -- think depression), the hormone tells the body not to ovulate or menstruate.

      If your period is consistently late due to stress, ask your doctor or OB-GYN for strategies and relaxation methods to prevent stress in your life.

      Illness

      Short illnesses and chronic illnesses can cause delayed periods, irregular periods or amenorrhoea. Once your body has returned to a healthy state, periods will return.

      Schedule / Sleeping Pattern Change

      "Changing schedules can really throw off your body clock." When you change your sleeping patterns, for example, going from days to nights at work, this can affect your period.

      Medications / Change of Medications

      "Certain medications such as contraceptives (oral, implanted, and injected), oral corticosteriods, antidepressants, antipsychotics, thyroid, and some chemotherapy drugs may cause amenorrhoea for some women."

      Also, if you've changed your medication or have started a new medication, "a delayed or absent period may occur. Be sure to talk to your doctor or OB-GYN about this side effect. It is most common with birth control."

      Travel

      Illegal Drug Use

      Infections

      Poor Emotional Well-Being

      Hormone Imbalance

      "Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a common form of hormonal imbalance which may cause amenorrhea, as well as other symptoms that can include the other extreme with excessive bleeding (menorrhagia)."

      Strenuous Exercise

      Suddenly beginning a strenuous exercise routine can affect your period. Your period may go from being regular to spotting, or it may not come at all. Always ease yourself into new exercise regimens. For more information about exercise, visit the 'Fitness' page here.

      Poor Nutrition

      Sudden Weight Gain / Being Overweight

      "Carrying around too much weight can hormonally shift your cycles and even stop them. Most women will see a return to normal cycles and fertility with the loss of some weight."

      Sudden Weight Loss / Being Underweight

      Malnourished and underweight women are at high risk for experiencing irregular periods, late periods and amenorrhoea. The underweight or malnourished woman's body senses that she is incapable of carrying a child due to a lack of food stores to feed a baby and menstruation does not occur.

      "This is a frequent cause of missed periods in women with eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia and also, women who work out to an extreme or are professional athletes."

      "Typically, slowly gaining [back] a healthy amount of weight will allow for the periods to return, but it may be awhile before they return and you experience regular periods."

      Severe Dieting

      Fibroid Growths

      Pituitary Tumor

      Although rare, pituitary tumors can cause delayed periods, irregular periods or amenorrhea. These tumors are usually benign.

      Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding

      Blood problems (e.g. thrombocytopenia - low blood platelets)

      Thyroid Disorders or Disease

      Problems With the Pelvic Organs

      For example:

      Imperforate hymen: completely closed hymen, blood in unable to flow out

      Polycystic ovary syndrome: ovaries produce higher than normal amounts of certain hormones

      Asherman's syndrome: formation of intrauterine adhesions

  45. QUESTION:
    Has anyone tried a natural remedy for low thyroid that work?

    • ANSWER:
      Homeopathic Treatments for Thyroid Disorders, (Thyrotoxicosis:- The state produced by excessive quantities of endogenous or exogenous thyroid hormone, and for, Hypothyroidism :- Thyroid gland synthesize, store and secrete two hormones - Thyroxine and tri-iodo thyroxine; iodine is an essential constituent of these hormones. The decreased function of thyroid gland is called Hypothyroidism. The main symptoms are Oedema, weight gain and thickening of skin and mental derangements, it is more common in ladies during the age of 30 to 50 years.

      Thyrotoxicosis :-

      Though eats well but losses weight Iodium 30X or 200, 4 hourly

      Eats well but losses weight; worse after a shock or grief Natrum Mur 30X or 200, 4 hourly

      Intercurrent remedy Thyroidinum 200 or 1M, 4 hourly.
      ______________________________...

      Hypothyroidism :-

      Lack of self confidence; absent minded; easily offended; loss of memmory; feels better after eating Anacardium Or 30 or 200, 6 hourly

      Shy; childish behaviour; aversion to strangers; chilly patient Baryta Carb 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses)

      History of abortions; weight gain; oedema of extremities and face Pyrogenium 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses)

      In chronic cases; as an intercurrent remedy Tuberculinum Koch 1M, once fortnightly (3 Doses)

      In unmarried persons; forced to celibacy; old bachelors and maids Conium Mac 200 or 1M, once weekly (3 Doses)

      Melancholy, irritabilty and restlessness; desires sweets, cannot stand opposition Thyroidin 3X or 30, 4 hourly

      With restlessness; eats well yet emaciates Iodium 30, 4 hourly

      Fear of darkness and thunderstroms; delicate, anaemic patients, craves for cold and salt preparations Phosphorus 200, once weekly (3 Doses) .

      For hot patients; sweats easily; worse in warm damp weather. Better from any motion, exercise and at sea Bromium 30, once weekly (6 Doses).

      Take the remedy which is similar to your symptoms. No side effects or complications if taken as directed, please do not exceed the given dosage and under any circumstances do not try to mix any remedies and avoid Chocolates, Mints, Coffee, Red Meat, Alcoholic and Carbonated drinks, Spicy Rich Food while taking any Homeopathic remedies, and keep the medicines away from direct sunlight, heat strong smells and perfumes and do not store them in the fridge.

      Curing without any side effects or Complications Thats the Beauty of Homeopathic Medicine.

      Take Care and God Bless You !

  46. QUESTION:
    To get diagnosed with depression, should I see a doctor or psychiatrist?
    I know I have depression, there's no doubt in my mind about it. I'm not my normal self. When I don't have to get up for work or school, I can easily sleep for more than 12 hours and still be tired. There are days when I'm always eating something, other days I'm not hungry for anything. I'm not interested in doing the same things I always have been. I stay in the house, watching TV or playing on the internet.

    The problem is...I don't know whether a doctor would be as well trained in diagnosing depression as a psychiatrist or counselor. However, I know that a doctor would be well trained in assuring that the antidepressants I'm prescribed are ones that will give me the least amount of side-effects. (My libido is low enough and I read that's one of the side-effects.)

    Also, what do they (doctors/psychiatrists) do to diagnose depression? Do they test hormone levels or what-not? I don't have insurance and I'd like to know what to expect before charging it. Help would be appreciated! :)

    • ANSWER:
      Nowadays, a good primnary care physician will know enough to try you on an antidepressant and may (esp if you request it) refer you to a psychiatrist.

      The primary care physician may give you a physical exam and blood test to rule out any physical problems that might be affecting your mood (like a thyroid problem, for example). A Q&A discussion is used to diagnose depression. Whether you first consult with a primary care doc or a psychiatrist, there is no guarantee that the first antidepressant prescribed will be "right" for you.

      It is best to get antidepressant treatment and also to get some kind of counseling with a psychologist or social worker (not "psychoanalysis") to address immediate life style situations that need to be modified to help offset the depression. Lack of health insurance, though, puts a damper on this. There are lots of self-help materials out there for coping with depression also. Still, depression these days is considered a chemical imbalance that can be helped with the right antidepressant drug.

      Best to you.

  47. QUESTION:
    If my hemoglobin A1c is 6% would that effect the way my body is processing sugar? I have not been able to loo?
    I have not been able to loose weight.I am 40 pounds heavier than I have ever been. I am 53?? I think it does, am I wrong?? I also had severe pancratitis four years ago.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes 6% is high and is a cause for insulin instability. There are five major issues that can derail any attempt to lose weight: Insulin resistance, Adrenal stress, Thyroid abnormalities, Hormone imbalance, Sleep.

      Yes there are many other elements that can effect weight loss but these are the major categories. Check your status in each of these areas and you will advance your health while reducing your pant size. You want to avoid another pancreatitis episode if your numbers continue to increase.

      If your fasting blood sugar is above 84 then you are trending into the waters of insulin resistance and eventually toward full-blown diabetes. For every point above 84 on your fasting glucose test, you are 6% more likely to become diabetic. If your fasting glucose is 92 then (do the math) you are 48% more likely to become diabetic and your vessels are already incurring destruction by plaque formation. So your levels are higher than this so that is why it is vital you start on a prevention program with the help of your doctor.

      Insulin resistance is a pre-diabetic state that means your body’s ability to remove sugar from the blood and place it in the cells is compromised, resulting in a higher insulin level. Insulin sends the signal to all cells to STORE FAT.

      Lack of exercise, eating high glycemic foods like bread, rice, potato, pasta will drive glucose up rapidly and with it goes insulin. The good news is that this is a reversible state and can be remedied by lifestyle and diet changes, along with a few simple nutritional adjuncts like magnesium and a mineral called chromium. Making your insulin receptors more responsive will reverse this trend and aid your efforts to lose weight. You can also check your testosterone levels as hormonal inbalances esp. as we mature can interfere with weight loss. Check your thyroid this can also prevent weight loss. Sleeping is essential in healing. Stress can also prevent weight loss and raise our blood glucose level it is important to maintain calm in our lives.

      Check with your doctor if diet and exercise do not help bring your levels down then you need to start on a diabetic medication, like, Metformin which also helps weight loss in most patients and lower stubborn glucose levels. Talk to your doctor about your symptoms and have him run some tests based on your symptoms in order to determine the best treatment for you. The need here is for you to lower your blood glucose levels in order to prevent early diabetic complications.

      Hope this helps.

  48. QUESTION:
    For proper calcium absorption from the digestive tract, what role does the skin play?
    a) it produces certain hormones
    b) it produces cholecalciferol
    c) it acts as a temporary storage site for calcium
    d) it produces calcitriol

    • ANSWER:
      your answer is D

      Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble prohormones, the two major forms of which are vitamin D2 (or ergocalciferol) and vitamin D3 (or cholecalciferol).[2] Vitamin D obtained from sun exposure, food, and supplements is biologically inert and must undergo two hydroxylation reactions to be activated in the body. Calcitriol (1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol) is the active form of vitamin D found in the body. The term vitamin D also refers to these metabolites and other analogues of these substances.

      Calcitriol plays an important role in the maintenance of several organ systems.[3] However, its major role is to increase the flow of calcium into the bloodstream, by promoting absorption of calcium and phosphorus from food in the intestines, and reabsorption of calcium in the kidneys; enabling normal mineralization of bone and preventing hypocalcemic tetany. It is also necessary for bone growth and bone remodeling by osteoblasts and osteoclasts.[4][5]

      A lack of moderate sun exposure is the major cause of vitamin D deficiency. Deficiency is defined as a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level of less than 20 ng/mL. Recommended doses of vitamin D are now 800 to 1000 IU daily.[6] Without sufficient vitamin D, bones can become thin, brittle, or misshapen. Deficiency can arise from inadequate intake coupled with inadequate sunlight exposure; disorders that limit its absorption; conditions that impair conversion of vitamin D into active metabolites, such as liver or kidney disorders; or, rarely, by a number of hereditary disorders. Vitamin D deficiency results in impaired bone mineralization and leads to bone softening diseases, rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults, and possibly contributes to osteoporosis.[3] Compared to normal intakes humans have an enormous capacity for storing vitamin D and overdose is extremely rare.

      Vitamin D plays a number of other roles in human health including inhibition of calcitonin release from the thyroid gland. Calcitonin acts directly on osteoclasts, resulting in inhibition of bone resorption and cartilage degradation. Vitamin D can also inhibit parathyroid hormone secretion from the parathyroid gland, modulate neuromuscular and immune function and reduce inflammation

      calcitriol
      It increases the level of calcium in the blood by (1) increasing the uptake of calcium from the gut into the blood, (2) decreasing the transfer of calcium from blood to the urine by the kidney, and (3) increasing the release of calcium into the blood from bone.

      Calcitriol is produced in the cells of the proximal tubule of the nephron in the kidneys by the action of the enzyme 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1-alpha-hydroxylase which catalyzes the hydroxylation of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (calcifediol).

      The production of calcitriol is stimulated by a decrease in serum calcium (hypocalcemia) and/or increase in serum phosphate (PO43−) (hyperphosphatemia), as well as an increase in parathyroid hormone (PTH). Calcitriol production is also increased by prolactin, a hormone which stimulates lactogenesis (the formation of breast milk), a process which requires large amounts of calcium.

      Calcitriol increases blood calcium levels by increasing absorption of calcium and phosphate from the gastrointestinal tract and increasing renal tubular absorption of calcium and phosphate. It can also increase blood calcium by acting in concert with, and facilitating the effect of PTH on bone resorption. Calcitriol also inhibits the release of calcitonin, a hormone which reduces blood calcium by counteracting the effects of PTH.

      Many of the effects of calcitriol are mediated by the calcitriol receptor.

  49. QUESTION:
    Are you allowed to take Kalms tablets whilst on Levythroxine?
    My friend wants to no if she can take kalms the herbal remedy tablet as long as it doesnt effect her thyroid pill ? thanks
    aww thanks :) !! Nice for u to drop by the womans health section mr blake 4 preeee lol

    • ANSWER:
      Thyroxine or levothyroxine is basically a physiological substance used to replace the normal hormone that the patient lacks. There are thus no real drug interactions.

      Kalms however are a bit of a waste of space I am afraid.

  50. QUESTION:
    is surgery the best thing to do if i have hypofunctioning thyroid nodule?
    so i was diagnosed with hypofunctioning thyroid nodule and i am male (which is kinda rare) they say i should use iodine but it didn't help. should i do surgery to remove it??

    • ANSWER:
      Hypothyroidism caused by lack of iodine leads to struma which can affect breathing. If that is the case it should be removed, in all other cases iodine or L-Thyroxine is added. Removing anything has no effect at all on the lack of thyroid hormone, which is produced from iodine. The thyroid gland only will enlarge its storage capacity (struma, crop) again.

effects of lack of thyroid hormone